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  •   Background and Rationale

    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 

    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Muni, Mani, Koi, Kanang (Sakai), lifestyle, belief, language, culture, herb, traditional medicine, southern region
Author Wanchalerm Chanthrakul
Title Sakai, Nichao of Thailand: A forest people who are disappearing
Document Type Book Original Language of Text -
Ethnic Identity Moniq, Koy, Kanang, Language and Linguistic Affiliations Austroasiatic
Location of
Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre Total Pages - Year 2001
Source Duang Kamolsamai Company, Bangkok

The lifestyle of the Sakai is unique and there are details about their cultural practices, such as beliefs in spirits and other kinds of superstition, customs and values that have defined their cultural practices, for instance virginity before marriage, putting more importance on feet than on head, a ritual to ask for forgiveness from hunted animals, and having a selection of places to build shelters that indicate their nomadic life. The ethnic group has its own spoken language and has accumulated wisdom about medicinal herbs, particularly those for family planning and birth control. Changes of their lifestyle have stemmed from contacts with urban people in the manner that the ethnic group has been exploited or has been used as a tool for interest groups. It is an assimilation of the ethnic lifestyle, attitudes, and values, from a simple and secluded life that has depended on the forest to an adaptation to changes for their own survival. 

Text Analyst Samon Srithapthim Date of Report Jul 25, 2016
TAG Muni, Mani, Koi, Kanang (Sakai), lifestyle, belief, language, culture, herb, traditional medicine, southern region, Translator -


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