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  •   Background and Rationale

    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 
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    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai
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    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai
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    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple
    Lumphun
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    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand
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    Enjoy!

    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson
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    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi
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    Thread

    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village
    Chaingrai
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    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai

    Maehongsorn
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    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village
    Kanchanaburi
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    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo

    Kanchanaburi
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    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys
    Maehongsorn

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    Boys are ordained as novice monks
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     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 
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    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism
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    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand
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    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang
    Maehongson
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    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
    Chiangrai
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid

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  Frequently Asked Questions.

Q&A

Q: What are the differences between “hill tribe,” “minority” and “ethnic group?”

A: An ethnic group was onced referred to as “hill tribe” or “minority” indicating their cultural differences from the majority of Thailand nationals. According to an official document issued by the Office of Central Civil-Registration, “a hill tribe refers to a group of people whose habitations are mountainous and hilly areas and whose verbal languages as well as cultural traits differ from the majority of the Thai people,” whereas “a minority refers to a group of the non-Thai people having less population than the population of the nationals and varying in their cultures. The minorities are to be found living in the many areas of Thailand comprising local minorities such as hill tribes, refugees or temporary immigrants.” 

    So far, scholars have proposed the use of the term “ethnic group” in referring to a group of people with a unique culture in order that culturally insulting implications are avoided and ethnicity is better understood.  Also, the term suggests cultural existence, identity as well as relationship between groups. For more information, please read the article “Ethnic Classification: Problems and Suggestions” by Asst. Prof. Chavivan Prachuabmoh.

Q: How many ethnic groups are there in Thailand?

A: Several criteria are adopted to classify ethnicities such as linguistic family and ethnic identity, which is applied in this database.

      Based on surveys, studies and researches, it reveals that there are up to sixty-two ethnic groups across Thailand. It should be noted that ethnic classification should be done with flexibility and be subject to change since ethnicity is historically, socially, culturally and politically dynamic.

Q: Why has Yao, a name of an ethnic group, been changed to Mien?

A: Yao is the name used by outsiders whereas members of the group call themselves Mien. Thus, there has been a change in the naming according to how the members refer to themselves. Another similar case is that of the Ikaw Ikor or Meo which are the names, called by outsiders, suggesting insulting implications. As a result, Akha and Hmong, as called by ethnic members themselves are adopted instead.

 

 

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