Journey of MGR. Lambert, Bishop of Beritus, from Tenasserim to Siam in 1652. พิมพ์ อีเมล
เขียนโดย E. Hutchinson.   

HUTCHINSON, E.W. JOURNEY OF MGR. LAMBERT FROM TENASSERIM TO SIAM IN 1652. JSS. VOL.26 (pt.2) 1933. p.215-217.

 

 

                                                                                                                                                                                                   215

 

  JOURNEY OF MGR. LAMBERT, BISHOP OF BERITUS, FROM
                               TENASSERIM TO BIAM IN 1652.

                                                               by

                                                     E. Hutchinson.

Being   extracts   translated  from " Relation  du  voyage de  Mgr
de. Béryte" in  the  Archives  of  the  Missions Etrangères at  Paris-Vol.
876, p. 117, and vol 121, p. 626.

The   Bishop   left   Marseilles   on  27th  Nov. 1660    for    China,
accompanied by the Priests, James de Bourges and Francis  Deydier.
The  party  travelled  overland  from  Alexandretta  to  Ormuz, and  from
Surat  to  Masulipatum. de   Bourges   kept  a   diary   from   which   the
following account is extracted.

Our  ship  did  not  reach  Tenasserin  before the 16th May 1662.
On  this  day  we  disembarked  and  took  up our quarters with the Por-
tuguese Jesuit. Mr. John Cardoza, who  had  the  kindness to send out
his boat to bring us to the shore.

Next   day   we   were   permitted   to   unship  our  laggage. The
Governor  and  his  Oflicers  subjeted  it  to  a  very  perfunctory   exami-
nation, and  contented  themselves  with  demanding  duties  on  some
bone  rosaries  painted  red, which  they  mistook  for coral. The duties
are charged at the rate of 8% ad valorem, instead of  being  estimated,
as is done elsewhere.

We  found  that Fr. Cardoza  was  in  charge  of   two   Churches,
pending  the  arrival of a successor  to the second incumbent, who had
died  in  January   of   that  year. After  staying  two  days  with  him , we
took up our abode in  the  dead  Priest's  house, and  stayed  there  for
the remainder of our visit to Tenasserim.

(There follows an account of their religious occupations).

On   the  30th June   we   set  out  on  our  journey  to  Ayut'ia,  as
they  call  the  Chief  City, which  is   known  to  us  as  Siam. Our  trans-
port consisted  of  three boats. Each  boat  had  a  crew  of  three  men,
and   was   protected   with  a   palm-leaf   covering. These   boats   are
usually  constructed  in  one  piece  out  of   the   trunk  of  a  tall  tree of
good   proportions, at  least  20 ft.  long, hollowed  out by fire; bulwarks
are then attached to the sides. These  boats  are  well  adapted  to use

 

 

 

 

 

216                                           E. Hutchinson.

 

on these  swift  streams, containing  waterfalls  and  rapids, on  which
boats  composed of more than a  single  length  of timber would soon
break   up   as  a  result  of  the  rough  treatment  to  which   they   are
subjected.

We   paid   twelve  Crowns  (Ecu)  for   each   boat. We did  our
cooking and slept in the boats on account of the tigers, elephants and
other  carniverous  beasts  which  abound   in   the  forest. The   forest
covers  both  banks  without  a  break; and  it  is  therefore  dangerous
to go ashore.

Our  progress up-stream  was  rendered  tedious by the swiftness
of   the   current  and  by  the  rapids  which   occured   at   intervals. At
these  points  the  boatmen  are obliged to go down into the river  and
to  make  use  of  their  arms  in order to lift the boats+. Some pull with
ropes, while  others  propel  the  boats  with  long poles, or  actually lift
them  up  on  their  shoulders: so  hard  is  it  to  stem  the  force of  the
current  which  rushes  between  the  rocks  with  the  strength  of a mill-
race. It  occasioned  the  loss  of  the  boat  in which the Bishop and Fr.
Deydier  were  travelling  with  the  principle  part  of  our  baggage.

The   boatmen,  unable  to  make  headway  against   the   water,
allowed  the  boat  to  drift: it  was  carried down stream, and smashed
against   a   huge  up-rooted   tree  lying   in   mid-current.  Happily  the
Bishop  caught  on  to  this  tree  and  had  strength  to clamber up and
bestride it:  he  there  had  full  time to  watch   the   destruction   of  the
boat  and  its  contents. However, since  the tree  was   a   big   one its
submerged branches caught up  and  sustained  the major part  of  the
luggage, most of which  was  salved, including  the  small  case  which
contained our important papers.

The  Bishop  and  the  Priest  remained  for  some  time  astride
the   tree-trunk, washed  on  both  sides  by   the  swift   waters   of  the
River. Providentially   a   boat  was  on   its   way   down  stream  at the
time: the  Bishop  made  signs  to  it, and  the boatmen agreed to take

the two up to Jalinga, distant only three leagues

Our   passports   were   among   the   things   which  we failed to
retrieve. The Bishop's companion  was  therefore  obliged  to   retrace

ϯ i. e. (over the rocks).

 

 

 

 

 

                                Journey of Mgr. Lambert.                                                   217

 

his steps to Tenasserim in order to obtain new ones.

Eventually   we  rejoined  forces  at  Jelinga,  an   ill-favoured vill-
age  in  a  small  but   pleasant   valley. We   hired   a   bamboo  house,
roofed  with  leaf-thatch,  which   sufficed  to  protect  us  from  the  con-
tinuous rain.

Here we had leisure to  make  good  the  damage  suffered   by
the articles which we had saved from the wreck.

We  left  Jalinga  on  the  27th   July, and after three days march
we reached the village  of  Menam, where we had to show  our  Tenas-
serim passports as well as those issued  by  the  Headman of Jalinga.

On  the  road   we   experienced  fresh  difficulties, even   worse
than  those  we  had  experienced on the river. Our  carts  afforded  us
more  torture  than  comfort; in fact, we were nearly  always compelled
to  travel  on  foot. At  its  widest  part, the body  of these vehicles  has
a   span  of  about   three  feet, and  less  at  the extremities : into   this
space  we  had  to  pack  ourselves. The  body  of  the  cart  rests on a
beam, which forms  the axle  between  the  two  wheels ; and when the
unevenness of the road forces the wheels over onto one side, the  cart
then  bumps  along  on  the  end  of  the  axle  instead  of on  the   tyres.
Furthermore, some part  or  other  of  the  cart  is always breaking and
delaying  the  journey: consequently, we  much  preferred  to brave  the
mud and the swift streams on foot.

Our  carts  served   as  a   lodging  at  night. We  often   camped
with    water    all   around   us. It   was   then   that   the   leeches,  which
abound in that warm, damp soil, did battle with us, attacking us
without  respite and with  such  persistence  that we were never able to
prevent  them  from  sucking  our  blood. We  were also exposed to the
wild  beasts, which  alarmed  us  in  the day-time and which threatened
us   at   night. To   keep   them  off,  we  built   a   stockade  every  night,
placing   the   cattle  and  baggage  in  the centre: the carts were drawn
up  around  it  in  a  circle  or  triangle,  surrounded  by  several  lines of
prickly   entanglements   as   a  protection. We  never  passed  a  night
without   hearing   Rhino   and   particularly   Tigers   prowling   near  us.
The  latter  is  such  a  deadly foe of cattle that our draught beasts were
always in terror of its approach.


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