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  •   Background and Rationale

    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 


    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Manui, Kertu, adaptation, community, locality, permanent agriculture, Vietnam
Author Ngo Thi Phuong Anh
Title Local Adaptive Responses To Sedentarization Program : A case Study of Houng Nguyen Commune, A Luoi District, Thua Thien Hue Province, Vietnam
Document Type Thesis Original Language of Text -
Ethnic Identity - Language and Linguistic Affiliations -
Location of
Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropolgy CenterLibrary Total Pages 143 Year 2005
Source Faculty of Graduate Studies, Chiang Mai University

The government issued a development policy in mountainous areas where 50 ethnic groups resided with the aims to eradicate poverty, develop life quality of the ethnic groups and protect the environment. The permanent agriculture plan according to the 38/cp policy dated March 12, 1968 was intended for the ethnic groups to know and practice crop rotation. They did not have to relocate for cultivation and could live and practice the crop rotation permanently, which could result in the development of creative living conditions and a better environment. It was a sustainable form of development for the ethnic groups in the mountains of Vietnam. On the one hand, the development enabled the Kertou Community to access new agricultural practices, with better use of technology, social services and to develop a new lifestyle. On the other hand, the Kertou were deprived of the rights to practice a traditional lifestyle, use natural resources, maintain beliefs, traditions, rituals, and wisdom. This denial of traditional practices has been due to restrictions of new environmental contexts. Practices of their beliefs and rituals could not be conducted freely like before, obliging them to make an adaptation. The process of constructing "a new house" expressed their attempt to maintain their identity in connection with their new lifestyles, social activities and culture in combination with real experiences or traditonal wisdom and traditions. This was to maintain their food security and life. However, they still maintained the identity that expressed their potential to control social certain aspects through negotiation with state power (pp. 140-141).

Text Analyst - Date of Report Jun 10, 2019
TAG Manui, Kertu, adaptation, community, locality, permanent agriculture, Vietnam, Translator Pornarin Phermphun


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