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  •   Background and Rationale

    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 


    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Plow, Su (Karen), dates, lifestyle, belief, ritual, Uthai Thani, Kanchanaburi, Suphanburi
Author Somkiat Chamlong & Chanthabun Suthi
Title Dates of hilltribes (Plow Karen and dates: A case of Uthai Thani, Kanchanaburi, Suphanburi Provinces)
Document Type Research Paper Original Language of Text -
Ethnic Identity Phlong, Language and Linguistic Affiliations Sino-Tibetan
Location of
SirindhornAnthropology CenterLibrary  Total Pages - Year 1996
Source Hilltribe Research Institute, Department of Public Welfare, Ministry of Labor and Social Welfare

          The Plow Karen ethnic group in three provinces adopted the Mon culture in terms of script and writing system as their own and followed Buddhism as their belief system. Furthermore, the group also embraced the date system and calendar of the Mon culture – using seven-day system and naming days based on the Mon language. Dates in the lunar system are influenced by Buddhism. Months are named according to a special event happening in a particular month. The zodiac signs were adopted from the Chinese system. The ethnic group has socio-economic activities, almost all year round, following ten months of labor use, and the ethnic public holidays are based on their annual traditions. Consequently, dates of the ethnic group facilitate the implementation of development projects by outsiders where projects were implemented during the ethnic public holidays, so that they could be beneficial to all concerned parties.

Text Analyst Panadda Pinkaew Date of Report Mar 30, 2018
TAG Plow, Su (Karen), dates, lifestyle, belief, ritual, Uthai Thani, Kanchanaburi, Suphanburi, Translator -


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