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    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 


    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Lahu, Red Lahu, folk wisdom, Pai, Mae Hong Song
Author Yapho Jateekoi, Paku Jateekoi and Phraisarn Phuthaphan
Title Folk wisdom of the Red Lahu at Hua Pai Village, Tambon Wiang Nua, Pai District, Mae Hong Son Province
Document Type Research Paper Original Language of Text Thai
Ethnic Identity Lahu, Language and Linguistic Affiliations Sino-Tibetan
Location of
SirindhornAnthropology Center Total Pages 106 Year 2005
Source Thailand Research Fund, Regional Office

This report was based on community needs to find out about conventional ethnic knowledge that indicates how Hua Pai community members have survived until now. Due to the fact that highland communities were forbidden to access basic developments by concerned agencies, the survival of the ethnic group must have been based on the four basic necessities, conventional knowledge and wisdom, traditions and beliefs, and strong natural leadership. Although these elements had contributed to the continuation of the ethnic society, changes are evident in their communities nowadays, obliging community members to make adjustments in order to survive. New elements have been integrated with conventional practices to suit the local contexts.
Regarding the wisdom on healthcare, to stop bleeding from cuts, patients must seek help from Pu Lek alone. The Bosaetewe ritual must be conducted as it was believed that bleeding was caused by evil spirits (pp. 56-57). To deliver babies, midwives who had learned the practices from elderly midwives must undertake the work. To learn the craft, some dehusked rice and a pair of candles were required as sacrificial items. Abortion could be performed but it was not usually carried out for fear of sin. For a post-natal care, a new mother was required to observe a three-month abstention from sex to prevent an erroneous post-natal syndrome. The mother must undergo a herbal sauna twice. The first time was 15 days after delivering a baby and she was prohibited from bathing. The herbs used varied from person to person, depending on the syndrome.  The second herbal sauna was conducted three months after delivery. If the sauna was not conducted, the physical and mental conditions of the mother would deteriorate. After the three-month observation, the mother was allowed to sleep with her husband (pp. 57-58). Using herbs to cure sicknesses is still practiced, particularly for malaria. However, some seek modern medical treatments at a local state hospital (p. 60). 

Text Analyst Wipharat Phanritdam Date of Report Apr 04, 2013
TAG Lahu, Red Lahu, folk wisdom, Pai, Mae Hong Song, Translator Chalermchai Chaichomphu


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