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    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 


    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Tai, Tai Yai, Sang Long Ritual, Mae Hong Son
Author Danai Sithicharoen
Title Educational essence in the “Sang Long” process of the Shan in Mae Hong Son Province
Document Type Thesis Original Language of Text -
Ethnic Identity Tai, Tai Luang ,Shan, Language and Linguistic Affiliations Tai
Location of
Sirindhorn Anthropology Center Library
(Full text)
Total Pages 15 Year 1990
Source Master’s Program in Non-Formal Education, Faculty of Graduate Studies, Chiang Mai University

The distinct relationship between Buddhism or temple and Shan community is that almost all Shan men have been ordained as monks or novices. They prefer to ordain young children to become novices than adults to become monks, as it is believed that it is more meritorious. Ordaining children, called Sang Long, is a big annual event. The event in Mae Hong Son province is held for three days in March or April. Sang Long is significant to Shan education. In the old days, most children aged betwwen 8 to 9 years would stay in temples to study and learn about disciplines, etiquettes and how to be ordained. In those days, schools were not accessible to all, so temples became basic educational and cultural centers of society. Despite Sang Long being replaced by a formal educational system, it is still popularly organized by the Shan because it is believed that those having undergone the Sang Long Process and having ordained have been cultivated with Buddhist ethics, turning “a worldly person” into “a cultured person” who is advancing into adulthood and ready to establish a family. The Sang Long Festival is an important annual event of the province. Presently, education through the Sang Long Process focuses on Shan literacy together with Burmese and Lanna languages. Instructional techniques emphasize rote momorization with the teacher-centered approach. Teaching is individualistic without formal curriculum. The sole objective is to become literate in religious scripture. However, the Sang Long Process has changed after easy access to formal education. Contents in local languages have been omitted, but discipline and religious etiquette have still been maintained. Temple education through the Sang Long Process is based on the process of socialization according to the village culture and collective mentality and behavior eventually becoming traditional.

Text Analyst Walaiporn Wangkhahat Date of Report May 27, 2019
TAG Tai, Tai Yai, Sang Long Ritual, Mae Hong Son, Translator -


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