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  •   Background and Rationale

    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 


    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Urak Lawoi, Sea Gypsies, sanitation, Li Pe Island, Satun
Author Yongyuth Phinit-angkul and others
Title A sanitation study of the Sea Gypsies at Li Pe Island, Satun Province
Document Type Research Paper Original Language of Text Thai
Ethnic Identity Urak Lawoi, Language and Linguistic Affiliations Austronesian
Location of
SirindhornAnthropology Center Total Pages 57 Year 1987
Source The Training and Development Center for Primary Healthcare, Southern Region, Nakhorn Srithamarat Province

The investigation revealed that sanitation practices of the Sea Gypsies were below standard, because they consumed water from the Adang Waterfall without boiling it, burned their garbage and emptied their bowels in the forest. Due to this unsanitary behavior, mosquitoes and rats were major vermin in their community. Additionally, the Sea Gypsies did not carry out a pre-natal practice and deliveries were conducted by trained midwives. The investigation provided an overview about the health problems of this nomadic group to concerned agencies in order to plan for and solve the problems (pp. 37-41).
Initially, when a person fell sick without any known cause and could not be cured by modern medication, a shaman would use herbs and black magic to cure him. In serious cases, patients would be immediately sent to the provincial hospital (p. 28). 

Text Analyst Suphanika Iamsaensuk Date of Report Apr 04, 2013
TAG Urak Lawoi, Sea Gypsies, sanitation, Li Pe Island, Satun, Translator Chalermchai Chaichomphu


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