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    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 

    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Tai Lue, Khwan, Khwan ceremony, Nan Province
Author Sompong Jitaree
Title A Study of Khwan Texts and Rituals of Tai Lue in Pua District, Nan Province
Document Type Thesis Original Language of Text -
Ethnic Identity Tai Lue, Lue, Language and Linguistic Affiliations Tai
Location of
Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre Library Total Pages - Year 2002
Source Master degree of Arts (Lanna Language and Literature), Graduate School of Chiang Mai University

The researcher found that 3 Tai Lue communities has eight different Khwan ceremonies divided into two types as the following details.
First type, it is for individual with six Khwan ceremonies divided into three phases
1) Khwan ceremony for social status such as novice-to-be, novice, newlyweds and leaving town for the employment.
2) Khwan ceremony for the sickness
3) Khwan ceremony for important villagers
Second type, it is for the animals and agriculture such as Water buffaloes and rice harvesting. (Page 142)
Its roles are for the fulfillment, encouragement, andassurance for their soul. It also bonds their relationship, unity and collaboration within the community. The ceremonyis socialization, value instilling and ethical behavior which implements to better life, inheritance and cultural stability. (Page 130-141, 145)

Text Analyst Nanthanit Anusasananant Date of Report Sep 10, 2018
TAG Tai Lue, Khwan, Khwan ceremony, Nan Province, Translator -


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