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  •   Background and Rationale

    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 

    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Hmong, P'ga Nyau, Karen, Plow, Su, Burmese refigee, refugee camp, education, public health, Tak
Author Suphaphan Khanchai et al.
Title Needs Assessment of Host Communities in Burmese Border Refugee Camp Areas: Tasongyang and Pobpra District, Tak Province
Document Type Research Paper Original Language of Text -
Ethnic Identity Hmong, Phlong, Paganyaw, S'gaw, Kanyaw, Karen, Language and Linguistic Affiliations Not specified.
Location of
SirindhornAnthropolgy CenterLibrary Total Pages 109 Year 2003
Source Institute of Asia Studies, Chulalongkorn University

This research focused on the problem of illegal immigrants along the Thai-Burmese border who refused to be relocated to the state-sponsored accommodation areas. The result was that it was difficult for concerned state agencies and non-governmental organizations to plan for their assistance, thus bringing about public health, national security, criminal and drug problems. This study aimed to examine problems and needs of these immigrants in order to draw up short and long-term plans at the national level. A survey was conducted at two villages located near the refugee-accommodation areas: Mae La village in Tambon Mae La, Tha Song Yang district and Um Piam village in Tambon Khirirat, Phop Phra district, Tak province. The study results revealed that important problems of the refugees included poverty, fear of arrest and repatriation, and insecure shelters. The refugees wanted to attend schools, live legally, have Thai citizenship and be repatriated voluntarily. They were against some state policies, such as, forced repatriation and relocation to a third contry and/or another state-accommodation area. The impacts on local residents included poverty, lack of consumption materials, low agricultural yields, irregular electricity supplies, shortages of running water, disease outbreaks, water pollution, and accumulaltion of garbage. The residents perceived that refugees were an important cause for many negative changes. They wanted local state agencies to solve these problems and the government to repatriate them, or the personnel in charge of refugees to prevent them from stealing their crops. Recommendations from the research concerning the refugees were that refugees should be registered in each village, their status as illegal immigrants must be clearly defined and public health services must be sufficiently provided for them. The recommendations concerning local residents were that concerned state agencies should pay more attention to the security of local residents and launch public campaigns to prevent negative attitude toward refugees. Additionally, the United Nations and local non-governmental organizations should pay attention to Thai people as hosts who had had to bear some of the negative impacts.

Text Analyst Phatharawan Phongsil Date of Report May 27, 2019
TAG Hmong, P'ga Nyau, Karen, Plow, Su, Burmese refigee, refugee camp, education, public health, Tak, Translator -


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