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  •   Background and Rationale

    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 

    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Khon Muang, ritual, agriculture, fertility, northern region
Author Malee Phraison
Title Rituals related to agriculture and fertility in the northern region: A study on the socio-economic relationship
Document Type Research Paper Original Language of Text -
Ethnic Identity - Language and Linguistic Affiliations Not specified.
Location of
SirindhornAnthropology CenterLibrary Total Pages 121 Year 1988
Source Payap University

The author found that the rituals promoted economic life in terms of replacing production technology, controlling production power, expressing victory over nature and emphasizing the role of supernatural power in inducing fertility. For social life, they encouraged villagers to solve problems by themselves and promote social unity at the collective level. At the individual level, they were used to teat sicknesses and to ease the worries of villagers. In addition, the rituals were affected by socio-economic changes, with the changes being gradual in terms of relaxing practices, degradation, recurrence and less belief. Causes of these changes included a need to have more extravagant rituals in order to have more fun and to better appease spirits invited to participate. Others were economic needs, lack of sacrificial items, political change, production methods, and the influence of modern science.

Text Analyst Nanthanit Anusasananan Date of Report May 27, 2019
TAG Khon Muang, ritual, agriculture, fertility, northern region, Translator -


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