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    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 


    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Lavua, Lawa, Lua,ethnohistory, social structure, clan system
Author Cholthira Satyawadhna
Title The Dispossessed : An Anthropological Reconstruction of Lawa Ethnohistory in the Light of their Relationship with the Tai
Document Type Thesis Original Language of Text English
Ethnic Identity Lua, Lavua, Lawa, Language and Linguistic Affiliations Austroasiatic
Location of
SirindhornAnthropology CenterLibrary Total Pages 367 Year 1991
Source Submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy of the Australian National University

The dissertation is divided into three parts. The first part is about Lawa society in Nan Province, which is a matriarchal society. The second part compares the Lawa society in Nan with those in the northern region and in Yunnan, showing that the latter societies are patriarchal, and also covers the conflicts leading to historical changes as well as the other experiences of the ethnic group along the Thai-Yunnan border. The third part is about the reconstruction of a Lawa state in the past, where women did not only have power and rights over land and the administration but were also rulers and centers of traditions and beliefs.
The author proposed that the ethnic group had a city state form of government in the early Buddhist Era. The society was both patriarchal and matriarchal. The political expansions of the Lanna Kingdom affected the social system and structure of the group. After 500 years of a Lawa-Tai relationship, Lawa dynasties accepted the power of the Tai Yuan. Men were heirs apparent to the throne and patriarchal power transfer was more entrenched in practice. Nevertheless, the Lawa, who had a matriarchal social system and structure, did not take on the marriage tradition between brothers and sisters of the Yuan court. In contrast, the author noted that the culture of the Lanna people of respecting matriarchal ancestors and matriarchal society and administration was the influence of Lawa culture. In this case, the author believes that a shared Lawa identity still exists without branding “Lawa-ness” and “Tai-ness”. The socio-cultural assimilation is so unique that it is difficult to separate the Lawa identity from that of the Lanna people.

Text Analyst Athita Soontharothok Date of Report Apr 10, 2013
TAG Lavua, Lawa, Lua, ethnohistory, social structure, clan system, Translator Chalermchai Chaichomphu


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