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    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 


    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Mon, Saladaeng Nua Village, Mon boat, history, river trade route
Author Kachaporn Tramote
Title Saladaeng Nua Village and Mon boats
Document Type Article Original Language of Text -
Ethnic Identity - Language and Linguistic Affiliations Austroasiatic
Location of
SirindhornAnthropology Center Total Pages - Year 2001
Source On the occasion of 30 years of the Institute of Thai Studies, Thamasart University

Sam Khok is an ancient town and Mon people had resided there since the reign of King Narai the Great. The ethnic people were mainly farmers as well as earthenware and brick producers and sellers. They liked to sell their ware on boats in rivers. The products included salt, salted crabs, fermented fish insides, fermented soybeans, pickled garlic, and dates. The ethnic people like to construct a temple as their spiritual center in their community. The first migrants in Sam Khok District settled in Wat Phlapsuthawat, Wat Thaykoh, Wat Metarang, and Wat Saladaeng Nua Villages. Wat Saladaeng Village in Sam Khok District is a Mon village and 90% of the villagers had been merchants in river routes since the early Ratanakosin Period. The village temple is an old temple built in the reign of King Rama II and it is a Thammayut temple. In addition to being a spiritual center of the villagers, Mon monks have played an important role as community leaders in teaching Buddhist doctrines to laypeople and ordinary Mon youths to study Buddhist teachings. Buddhist Mons have been religious with an aim to eliminate defilements and to attain spiritual enlightenment. As an ancient temple, many ancient Buddha images were discovered when the ordination hall was dismantled in the reign of King Rama IV. As merchants selling items along river routes, the villagers had to build boats for their trades. There were three types of boats, namely Sam Pan, Khang  Kradan, and Krasaeng, which had been improved and developed for use in accordance with changing socio-cultural contexts in various periods. 

Text Analyst Sasamon Srithapthim Date of Report May 18, 2016
TAG Mon, Saladaeng Nua Village, Mon boat, history, river trade route, Translator -


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