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  •   Background and Rationale

    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 

    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Mao Shan, history, expansion, Yunnan, Burma, India
Author Padmeswar Gogoi
Title The Political Expansion of the Mao Shan
Document Type Article Original Language of Text English
Ethnic Identity Tai, Tai Luang ,Shan, Language and Linguistic Affiliations Tai
Location of
Sirindhorn Anthropology Center Library Total Pages 13 Year 1956
Source Journal of the Siam Society, Vol. XLIV part 2

The Mao Shan migrated from Yunnan, China, to Burma in the 13th century. They expanded their power to the southeast to the Shweli Valley and to the west to the Brahmaputra Valley or Assam State of India. Tai peoples migrated into Burma about 2,000 years ago. In the 6th century, there was a mass migration from Yunnan to the Shweli Valley and nearby regions. The valley was the first political Tai center and Tai communities were expanded southeastwards to the Shan State and westwards to Wehsali Long or Assam State. The Shan Kingdom collapsed after it was defeated by the Mongols in 1253. The Thais migrated southwards along the Mekong and Chao Phraya Rivers and established the Sukhothai and Ayuthaya Kingdoms.

Text Analyst Kritsadaporn Intharawichian Date of Report Apr 19, 2021
TAG Mao Shan, history, expansion, Yunnan, Burma, India, Translator -


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