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  •   Background and Rationale

    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 

    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Paganyaw S'gaw Kanyaw (Karen), Lisu, reforestation, deforestation, shifting cultivation, survival strategy, women, Chiang Mai
Author Shalardchai Ramitanondh and Virada Somswasdi
Title Impact of Deforestation and Reforestation Program on Household Survival Strategies and Women's Work: The Case of the Karen and Lisu in a village of Northern Thailand.
Document Type Research Paper Original Language of Text English
Ethnic Identity Lisu, Paganyaw, S'gaw, Kanyaw, Karen, Language and Linguistic Affiliations Sino-Tibetan
Location of
Sirindhorn Anthropology Center Library Total Pages 221 Year 1992
Source Chiang Mai University

The report focuses on the impacts and socio-economic and environmental changes brought about by the reforestation program on the Karen and Lisu ethnic groups at Pang Khum Village, Tambon Yang Moen, Samoeng District, Chiang Mai Province. It is found that the operations of the program have reduced forest areas. The two ethnic groups have had conflicts over water resources and arable land. However, in reality, their relationship is the unity of opposites. Lisu provide jobs to poor Karen due to labor demand. Therefore, the Karen do not want to relocate themselves to the lowlands. The state wants the two ethnic groups to remain in the area and the program should have strong impacts on them regardless of age or gender. The groups have to work harder in both domestic and non-domestic domains.

Text Analyst Kulanit Phisitsangkhakan Date of Report Apr 19, 2021
TAG Paganyaw S'gaw Kanyaw (Karen), Lisu, reforestation, deforestation, shifting cultivation, survival strategy, women, Chiang Mai, Translator -


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