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  •   Background and Rationale

    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 


    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Hmong, Khmu, Prai, language choice, communication, language attitude, Nan
Author Sathaporn Boonprasert
Title A Study of Language Choice For Social Communication Among Hmong, Khmu, and Prai at Ban Nansord, Thung Chang District, Nan Province
Document Type Thesis Original Language of Text English
Ethnic Identity Lua, Hmong, Khmu,Kammu, Tmooy, Language and Linguistic Affiliations Hmong-Mien
Location of
Sirindhorn Anthropology Center Library Total Pages 121 Year 1989
Source A Thesis Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Arts (Linguistic) in Faculty of Graduate Studies, Mahidol University

The investigation focuses on language use, language choice and attitude to language for inter and intra-group communication among Hmong, Khmu and Prai ethnic groups at Nam Sot Village, Thung Chang District, Nan Province. It is found that the Hmong use their ethnic language for intra-group communication the most, followed by the Khmu and then the Prai. As for inter-group communication, Standard Thai or the northern Thai dialect is used. Regarding language attitude, it is found that the Khmu feel embarrassed to use their native language in public and they want to assimilate culturally with the mainstream culture the most. The Hmong have more conflicts with other groups than the other two.

Text Analyst Aphichon Ratanaphayon Date of Report May 20, 2013
TAG Hmong, Khmu, Prai, language choice, communication, language attitude, Nan, Translator -


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