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  •   Background and Rationale

    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 


    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Hmong, Mien, Lisu, Lahu, Karen, Akha, hilltribe, development project, impact, economy, society and politics, Mae Hong Son
Author Chaiwat Direkwathana
Title The impact of the operation of the Thai-German Highland Development Program on hilltribe communities: A case study of Namlang Basin, Pang Ma Pha Sub-district, Mae Hong Son Province
Document Type Thesis Original Language of Text -
Ethnic Identity Akha, Lisu, Lahu, Mien, Iu Mien, Hmong, Paganyaw, S'gaw, Kanyaw, Karen, Language and Linguistic Affiliations Not specified.
Location of
ChiangMai UniversityLibrary
Total Pages 154 Year 1995
Source Department of Politics and Government, Faculty of Graduate Studies, Chiang Mai University

To investigate the impacts of the Thai-German Highland Development Program in the study area. The population was divided into two groups: those living in the project area and those not living in the project area. It was found that 1) the operation of the program did not significantly impact on the hilltribes in the project area. Economically, the changes were low, regarding asset ownership, agricultural knowledge, income, land ownership, and having domesticated animals. There was some social impact on awareness on the importance of education. Politically, there was no difference, except there was more contact with state officials. 2) There was no socio-economic and political impact of the project on both groups of the population. Economically, there was no clear difference in income, agricultural knowledge, having domesticated animals, and asset ownership. However, the control community had higher income and asset ownership. Socially, there was no clear difference with education level, healthcare, and family planning. However, there were certain communities where the project focused more on education. Politically, there was no difference with interactions between state officials and community members and the respect of leaders. The only difference was that communities depended more on state officials on solving their problems.


Text Analyst - Date of Report Jun 30, 2017
TAG Hmong, Mien, Lisu, Lahu, Karen, Akha, hilltribe, development project, impact, economy, society and politics, Mae Hong Son, Translator -


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