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  •   Background and Rationale

    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 


    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Phuan, Lao Phuan, Tai Phuan, settlement, socio-economic conditions, adjustment, Lop Buri
Author Smuckarn, Snit and Breazeale, Kannon
Title Culture in Search of Survival: The Phuan of Thailand and Laos
Document Type Book Original Language of Text English
Ethnic Identity Phuan, Language and Linguistic Affiliations Tai
Location of
Sirindhorn Anthropology Center Library Total Pages 262 Year 1988
Source Yale University, Southeast Asia Studies, New Haven, Connecticut

The book investigates cultural changes of the ethnic Phuan in the Central Plains of Thailand. The objective of the study was to politically survey the Phuan’s population movements, settlements, and their adjustment to the Thai socio-economic conditions. The author collected textual data to obtain an historical overview of the ethnic group and field data at Ban Mee District. Lop Buri Province, to understand their current socio-cultural conditions. The assimilation concept was used to explain their cultural changes. It is concluded from the study that changes from a subsistence economy to a money-oriented economy obligated the ethnic group to adjust their livelihood from subsistent rice cultivation to commercial rice cultivation. The focus was more on productivity rather than sufficiency and rice cultivation-related debts accumulated. Many turned to better paid jobs than rice cultivation. However, the changes enabled them to pay more interest in maintaining and preserving their ethnic culture.

Text Analyst Athita Suntharothok Date of Report Mar 09, 2005
TAG Phuan, Lao Phuan, Tai Phuan, settlement, socio-economic conditions, adjustment, Lop Buri, Translator -


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