Forget password?

  Register
Search
Advance Search
  •   Background and Rationale

    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 
  •  

  •  

    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai
  •  

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai
  •  

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple
    Lumphun
  •  

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand
  •  

    Enjoy!

    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson
  •  

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi
  •  

    Thread

    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village
    Chaingrai
  •  

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai

    Maehongsorn
  •  

    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village
    Kanchanaburi
  •  

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo

    Kanchanaburi
  •  

    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys
    Maehongsorn

  •  

    Boys are ordained as novice monks
  •  

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 
  •  

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism
  •  

  •  

    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand
  •  

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang
    Maehongson
  •  

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
    Chiangrai
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid

  •  

  •  

  •  

 
  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title

   Record

 
Subject Urak Lawoi, Sea Gypsies, living condition, life quality, Phuket
Author La-iad Kitiyanan
Title The living conditions and the educational needs for a better quality of life for the Sea Gypsies
Document Type Thesis Original Language of Text Thai
Ethnic Identity Urak Lawoi, Language and Linguistic Affiliations Austronesian
Location of
Documents
SirindhornAnthropology Center Total Pages 262 Year 1986
Source Faculty of Graduate Studies, Chulalongkorn University
Abstract

This thesis examined the living conditions of the Sea Gypsies regarding economy, society, politics, public health, education, administration, religion, belief, custom, tradition, basic necessities, quality of life, and their needs concerning educational management to improve their life quality. The data were collected from 84 households at Hat Rawai Village, Muang District, Phuket Province. It was found that there were 439 residents in the village. The Sea Gypsies only have spoken language and build simple shelters on a private property. Most of them were involved in fishing, but their expenditure usually outweighed their income, resulting in their being heavily in debt. The majority got married at a very young age, around 14 to 16 years. Their society is of a matriarchal type and they are mostly animists and strictly worship their ancestors’ teaching. However, some have become nominal Buddhists, Christians, or Muslims. In terms of healthcare, it was found that most were strong because there was an abundance of seafood. Nevertheless, the community did not have any toilet. They were suffering from skin disease (ringworm) and bought over-the-counter medication for its treatment. Most of them were not educated formally owing to poverty. Parents did not want their children to attend formal school with local people, because they did not want their children to be looked down upon. Most did not participate in state activities like election or military conscription, and paid little interest to politics or their administration. Their quality of life was below the 1986 Basic Necessities Criteria. However, they wanted to be literate by attending non-formal school with the help of teachers. In addition, they wanted to have knowledge on career improvement, nursing and basic healthcare, and life skills for co-existing with other communities. The obstacles to life quality improvement included poverty, illiteracy, lack of land ownership, and lack of sanitation.

Text Analyst Sithiporn Joradol Date of Report Apr 04, 2013
TAG Urak Lawoi, Sea Gypsies, living condition, life quality, Phuket, Translator Chalermchai Chaichomphu
 
 

 

ฐานข้อมูลอื่นๆของศูนย์มานุษยวิทยาสิรินธร
  Thai Museums Database
The Inscriptions in Thailand Database
Thailand Anthropological Archive Database
Thailand archaeology Database
Siam Rare Books
Ethnographic Film Database
ICH Learning Resources
Anthropological News Clipping
Main menu
  Home
Ethnic Group Research
Ethnic Organizations
About us
Main menu
  Background and Rationale
Project Members
Contact us
SAC
Help
  Declaration
FAQ


ศูนย์มานุษยวิทยาสิรินธร (องค์การมหาชน) เลขที่ 20 ถนนบรมราชชนนี เขตตลิ่งชัน กรุงเทพฯ 10170 
Tel. +66 2 8809429 | Fax. +66 2 8809332 | E-mail. webmaster@sac.or.th 
สงวนลิขสิทธิ์ พ.ศ. 2549    |   เงื่อนไขและข้อตกลง