Forget password?

Advance Search
  •   Background and Rationale

    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 


    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Urak Lawoi, Sea Gypsies, living condition, life quality, Phuket
Author La-iad Kitiyanan
Title The living conditions and the educational needs for a better quality of life for the Sea Gypsies
Document Type Thesis Original Language of Text Thai
Ethnic Identity Urak Lawoi, Language and Linguistic Affiliations Austronesian
Location of
SirindhornAnthropology Center Total Pages 262 Year 1986
Source Faculty of Graduate Studies, Chulalongkorn University

This thesis examined the living conditions of the Sea Gypsies regarding economy, society, politics, public health, education, administration, religion, belief, custom, tradition, basic necessities, quality of life, and their needs concerning educational management to improve their life quality. The data were collected from 84 households at Hat Rawai Village, Muang District, Phuket Province. It was found that there were 439 residents in the village. The Sea Gypsies only have spoken language and build simple shelters on a private property. Most of them were involved in fishing, but their expenditure usually outweighed their income, resulting in their being heavily in debt. The majority got married at a very young age, around 14 to 16 years. Their society is of a matriarchal type and they are mostly animists and strictly worship their ancestors’ teaching. However, some have become nominal Buddhists, Christians, or Muslims. In terms of healthcare, it was found that most were strong because there was an abundance of seafood. Nevertheless, the community did not have any toilet. They were suffering from skin disease (ringworm) and bought over-the-counter medication for its treatment. Most of them were not educated formally owing to poverty. Parents did not want their children to attend formal school with local people, because they did not want their children to be looked down upon. Most did not participate in state activities like election or military conscription, and paid little interest to politics or their administration. Their quality of life was below the 1986 Basic Necessities Criteria. However, they wanted to be literate by attending non-formal school with the help of teachers. In addition, they wanted to have knowledge on career improvement, nursing and basic healthcare, and life skills for co-existing with other communities. The obstacles to life quality improvement included poverty, illiteracy, lack of land ownership, and lack of sanitation.

Text Analyst Sithiporn Joradol Date of Report Apr 04, 2013
TAG Urak Lawoi, Sea Gypsies, living condition, life quality, Phuket, Translator Chalermchai Chaichomphu


  Thai Museums Database
The Inscriptions in Thailand Database
Thailand Anthropological Archive Database
Thailand archaeology Database
Siam Rare Books
Ethnographic Film Database
ICH Learning Resources
Anthropological News Clipping
Main menu
Ethnic Group Research
Ethnic Organizations
About us
Main menu
  Background and Rationale
Project Members
Contact us

ศูนย์มานุษยวิทยาสิรินธร (องค์การมหาชน) เลขที่ 20 ถนนบรมราชชนนี เขตตลิ่งชัน กรุงเทพฯ 10170 
Tel. +66 2 8809429 | Fax. +66 2 8809332 | E-mail. 
สงวนลิขสิทธิ์ พ.ศ. 2549    |   เงื่อนไขและข้อตกลง