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  •   Background and Rationale

    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 


    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Muni, Koi, Kanang (Sakai), lifestyle, southern region
Author Kesarin Maneenun and Phuangphen Sirirak
Title Sakai: An ethnic minority group in southern Thailand
Document Type Book Original Language of Text -
Ethnic Identity Moniq, Koy, Kanang, Language and Linguistic Affiliations Austroasiatic
Location of
Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre Total Pages - Year 2003
Source A Project of Disseminating Scientific Knowledge, Vol. 1, Faculty of Science, Prince of Songkla University

The Sakai are a minority ethnic group in southern Thailand, residing in groups in the rainforests and in mountain ranges in Trang, Phathalung, Satun, Yala, and Narathiwat Provinces. Their lifestyle, livelihood, food gathering, shelters, beliefs and rituals, spoken language, and maintenance of their identity and wisdom are similar to ancient people. Some groups have still maintained their nomadic lifestyle, while others have settled permanently. There has been more intermarriages to local people. Some have adapted their lifestyle to assimilate with the mainstream culture, such as dress, using southern Thai dialect, being employees, growing vegetables instead of gathering from the forest, and eating rice as their mainstay instead of roots. Nevertheless, some have had difficulties adapting themselves to certain aspects of the mainstream culture, such as wearing shoes. Furthermore, they have been unfairly exploited; used as a tool for exploitation by certain groups of people who have wanted to destroy natural resources. This is largely due to their being illiterate and negative values of certain outsiders who have disrespected the basic human rights of the Sakai people.

Text Analyst Samon Srithamthim Date of Report Jul 25, 2016
TAG Muni, Koi, Kanang (Sakai), lifestyle, southern region, Translator -


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