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    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 


    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
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  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Paganyaw S'gaw Kanyaw (Karen) ,trekking tourism, socio-economy, change, adjustment, northern region
Author Bartsch, Henry
Title The Impact of Trekking Tourism in a Changing Society: A Karen Village in Northern Thailand
Document Type Article Original Language of Text English
Ethnic Identity Paganyaw, S'gaw, Kanyaw, Karen, Language and Linguistic Affiliations Sino-Tibetan
Location of
Sirindhorn Anthropology Center Library Total Pages 20 Year 2000
Source Jean Michaud (ed), Turbulent Times and Enduring People. Richmond: Curzon Press

The author concludes that tourism at the Karen village, Jai Dee Village, is an additional economic activity for the families. It is not something to replace agricultural activities, which are still important to the villagers. The villagers still put some significance on economic activities. However, only a few families substantially benefit from this kind of tourism. In fact, the villagers have not completely abandoned their traditional lifestyle and economic activities. They still maintain the shifting cultivation practices, because they are close to their religion and spiritual beliefs. Tourism does not only increase incomes, but also causes undesirable impacts, such as pollution from garbage by tourists, noise pollution at night time, and an invasion of villagers’ norms and values. Tourism brings the village in contact with economic marketing, which is especially related to power and dependency. Trekking tourism was established and controlled by trekking companies in Chiang Mai and Thai people around the village. The villagers are at the bottom of the ladder. Most benefits from trekking tourism fall into the hands of these companies and Thai intermediaries, with few going to the villagers. At the same time, the villagers try their best to maintain their status because tourism is meaningful to them. It is difficult for the villagers to change these unequal power and dependence situations. On the other hand, it is also difficult for them to refuse this tourism business because they need more income. What needs to be changed is their position of being dominated. In this investigation, trekking tourism has proved that socio-economic changes are important factors for others to change at the village. Environmental degradation and state policies are also related to tourism. Environmental degradation and the state policy on hunting and forest-clearing prohibition make it difficult for the villagers to maintain their conventional lifestyle. One compensation is that the villagers can find other ways to supplement their incomes. That is where trekking tourism comes in, which also brings changes to the community. Tourism development at Jai Dee Village has been integrated into the national economy. This is how the Karen villagers have become a part of the Thai society.

Text Analyst Siri-on Aromdee Date of Report Sep 10, 2012
TAG Paganyaw S'gaw Kanyaw(Karen), trekking tourism, socio-economy, change, adjustment, northern region, Translator -


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