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    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 


    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
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    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
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    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
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  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Kui,local culture,political behavior,Saen Ya ritual,Surin
Author Aranya Phongsa-art
Title The influence of local cultures on political behavior: A case study of the Saen Ya Ritual of the Kui ethnic group at Tambon Jaen Waen, Sri Narong Sub-district, Surin Province
Document Type Thesis Original Language of Text Thai
Ethnic Identity Kui, Kuy, Language and Linguistic Affiliations Austroasiatic
Location of
Sirindhorn Anthropology Center Library Total Pages 167 Year 2001
Source Department of Politics and Administration, Faculty of Graduate Studies, Chiang Mai University

The Saen Ya Ritual or the appeasement ritual to ancestors’ spirits of the Kui ethnic group is organized twice a year in the third and sixth lunar months, believing that the spirits would protect and bless community members throughout the year. The ritual is related to agriculture, the main livelihood of the community members. The belief in and practices of the ritual have strictly been carried out from generation to generation. If neglected or disrespected, it is believed that calamities would befall on the community. The ritual is conducted by a “Thao Jam”, a respected elderly man who represents the community in communicating with the spirits. The first step starts with holding a meeting to voice the opinions of community members and to set a date for the ritual. Community members are involved in every step of it. Due to their animistic belief, the ritual is closely related to the belief in supernatural powers, fortifying such a belief into the lifestyle of the ethnic group and resulting in the belief in absolute power of powerful individuals. Therefore, their political behavior is in the form of a patronage system. The Kui do not participate much in political activities besides taking part in village forums, local and national elections. Furthermore, their political behavior tends to become violent, e.g., establishing a political group. Their political expressions are in the form of protests when not satisfied with certain events. Furthermore, participating in the ritual can lead to political formations and elections of formal and informal leaders, which are loosely democratic. However, community members are not aware of their power and express their intentions in a disorderly manner. The study concluded that political culture is influential by political behavior of the community members through the process of socialization and local cultural learning.

Text Analyst Suwit Lerwimonsak Date of Report Aug. 18, 2014
TAG Kui, local culture, political behavior, Saen Ya ritual, Surin, Translator -


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