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  •   Background and Rationale

    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 


    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject So,textile,dress,handicraft,Mukdahan,Sakon Nakhon
Author Songkhun Chanthachor, Phisit Boonchai and Saengphet Suporn
Title So textile: The case of So at Dong Luang District of Mukdahan and Kusuman District of Sakon Nakhon
Document Type Research Paper Original Language of Text Thai
Ethnic Identity So, Language and Linguistic Affiliations Austroasiatic
Location of
Sirindhorn Anthropology Center Library Total Pages 70 Year 1993
Source Office of the National Cultural Commission, Ministry of Education

The evolution of So textiles is divided into four periods. The first period was when the ethnic group resided in the highlands of Laos. They did not yet know how to weave but bartered their farming produce for clothes from Laotians. So men wore loin cloths to cover their sex organs while So women wore sarongs with front split blouses. The second period was about 50-100 years ago when the group learned how to weave from others they were in trade contact with. The third period was about 30-50 years ago. The designs were fully developed and people wore homemade clothes. The last period is the present when they buy ready-made clothes from the market. Designs of So textiles are influenced by nature, religion, shapes, and a combination of the three. So textiles are used in daily life and in rituals, which are divided into religious and funeral rituals. Problems of So textiles include low quality, a lack of capital, and young generations turning their back to this traditional activity.

Text Analyst Phanpaporn Phiromwong Date of Report Oct 30, 2012
TAG So, textile, dress, handicraft, Mukdahan, Sakon Nakhon, Translator -


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