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  •   Background and Rationale

    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 


    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Karen,Hmong,settlement,land use,forest reserve,Chiang Mai
Author Nonglak Dithawong
Title Settlement guidelines of highland communities in the management contexts of environmental and forest reserve areas: The case of communities in Doi Inthanon National Park, Chiang Mai Province
Document Type Thesis Original Language of Text Thai
Ethnic Identity Yuan, Hmong, Paganyaw, S'gaw, Kanyaw, Karen, Language and Linguistic Affiliations Sino-Tibetan
Location of
Sirindhorn Anthropology Center Library and Chulalongkorn University Library Total Pages 144 Year 1999
Source Department of Town and Region Planning, Faculty of Architecture, Chulalongkorn University

The investigation reveals that, from 1984 to 1993, forest areas of Doi Inthanon National Park increased, indicating that the highland communities have co-existed well with the forest in accordance with environmental and natural resource conservation. Settlements in the area under investigation are related to geographical factors, climate, soil fertility, and water sources. It is found that the population per hectare is beyond the principle of sufficiency agriculture. Therefore, it is necessary to apply the New Theory to community management, such as control of population growth and control of land use for agriculture, settlement, and tourism. Furthermore, the residents should be equipped with new knowledge for a career choice besides agriculture. Forest encroachment must be closely monitored so that sustainable co-existence with the forest by the communities can be maintained.

Text Analyst Duangjai Phichitnarongchai Date of Report Sep 05, 2012
TAG Paganyaw S'gaw Kanyaw (Karen), , Hmong, settlement, land use, forest reserve, Chiang Mai, Translator -


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