Forget password?

Advance Search
  •   Background and Rationale

    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 


    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Paganyaw S'gaw Kanyaw (Karen), Phlong(Karen), Kayah Karenni, Troops, Political Organization, Struggles for Independence, Burma
Author Kazuto, Ikeda
Title The Karen Nationalist Movement in the Independence Period of Burma: The Politics of “a Separate State”
Document Type Article Original Language of Text Japanese
Ethnic Identity Phlong, Paganyaw, S'gaw, Kanyaw, Karen, Kayah, Karenni, Language and Linguistic Affiliations Sino-Tibetan
Location of
Siam Society Library Total Pages 60 Year 2000
Source Institute of Asian and African Cultural Research, Volume 60, 2000

Under the British Empire, The Karen had many special rights and these rights guaranteed the independence of the Karen after the country became independent. However, when Burma became independent led by AFPFL, it faces internal conflicts and the Karen were not given a separate state. Thus, the Karen were unsatisfied and pushed for their rights. However, the Karen is a big nationality living in many separate areas and groups and each group had different benefits, so the Karen separated into many groups, especially the KNU and KYO and each group has its own different objectives and methods of fighting.

Text Analyst Tatsuo Iida, Sivarin Lertpusit Date of Report Apr 24, 2013
TAG Paganyaw S'gaw Kanyaw (Karen), Phlong(Karen), Kayah Karenni, Troops, Political Organization, Struggles for Independence, Burma, Translator -


  Thai Museums Database
The Inscriptions in Thailand Database
Thailand Anthropological Archive Database
Thailand archaeology Database
Siam Rare Books
Ethnographic Film Database
ICH Learning Resources
Anthropological News Clipping
Main menu
Ethnic Group Research
Ethnic Organizations
About us
Main menu
  Background and Rationale
Project Members
Contact us

ศูนย์มานุษยวิทยาสิรินธร (องค์การมหาชน) เลขที่ 20 ถนนบรมราชชนนี เขตตลิ่งชัน กรุงเทพฯ 10170 
Tel. +66 2 8809429 | Fax. +66 2 8809332 | E-mail. 
สงวนลิขสิทธิ์ พ.ศ. 2549    |   เงื่อนไขและข้อตกลง