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  •   Background and Rationale

    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 


    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Paganyaw S'gaw Kanyaw (Karen), Phlong(Karen),origin,settlement,Burma
Author Saw Hanson Tadaw
Title The Karens: Their Origin and Early Movements
Document Type Article Original Language of Text English
Ethnic Identity Phlong, Paganyaw, S'gaw, Kanyaw, Karen, Language and Linguistic Affiliations Sino-Tibetan
Location of
The Archives, Payap University Total Pages 5 Year 1962
Source The Nation Supplement : Rangoon, July 8.

The main focus of the article is on the Karen language which is similar to Chinese, because Karen is a tonal language. However, word orders are different from Chinese. The language aspect is used as important evidence of the group’s migration in addition to the duration of migration before or after other ethnic groups. The Karen have legendary stories similar to those in the Bible, but it cannot be ascertained if they are related or they are a coincidence. However, there are no written historical records of their origin. Oral tales about their migration from the north to the south indicate that their origin was in the north and they migrated southward to Burma via the Shan State before spreading to the west and south. The Karens are classified into three groups: Skaw, Pow and Bwe. The author believes that Pow Karens might have been the first to migrate, followed by Skaw and finally Bwe, considering their settlements and distribution in various regions of Thailand and Burma.

Text Analyst Phisan Jaruchatraporn Date of Report Sep 03, 2012
TAG Paganyaw S'gaw Kanyaw (Karen), Phlong(Karen), origin, settlement, Burma, Translator -


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