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  •   Background and Rationale

    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 

    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Mon, identity, change, maintenance, Samut Prakan
Author Kesirin Phaethong
Title Identity change and maintenance of the Mon in Phra Pradaeng District
Document Type Thesis Original Language of Text -
Ethnic Identity Mon, Language and Linguistic Affiliations Austroasiatic
Location of
SirindhornAnthropology Center Total Pages - Year 2003
Source Master of Arts Program in Social Development, National Institute of Development Administration

Aspects of Mon identity included their traditions, customs, language, and traditional dress. One distinct lifestyle was that they adhered to Buddhist teachings. Mon people were interdependent and their families were of the extended type with respect to seniority. Administratively, they were democratic. Current cultural identity is that fewer people are proficient in their ethnic language and traditional dress is found only on Song Kran Festival. Traditional food is different from Thai food in that it is more gooey and sour. Thai-style houses are still constructed, but they are fewer in number nowadays. Traditional Mon music, performing arts, and plays have rarely been performed. Folk wisdom on healing sickness is no longer existent and animism is less practiced because they are mostly Buddhists. However, traditional identity is strongest, especially religious tradition which is the only identity aspect that has remained unchanged.

Text Analyst Suwit Lertwimonsak Date of Report May 18, 2016
TAG Mon, identity, change, maintenance, Samut Prakan, Translator -


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