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    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 


    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Khmer,Economy of Community,Ubonratchathani
Author Chookiet Charoenpoldee
Title An Analysis of Economy of Thailand-Lao-Cambodia Border Village: A Case Study of Song Village
Document Type Thesis Original Language of Text Thai
Ethnic Identity Khmer leu, Language and Linguistic Affiliations Austroasiatic
Location of
Sirindhorn Anthropology Center Library Total Pages 174 Year 1970
Source Master of Arts (Economic Development),Faculty of Economics,Kasetsart University

Song village where the Khmer firstly settled down, and where the Thai Lao later migrated because of its fertility. The language represents the ethnic diversity. Thai Khmer villagers try to learn Thai Lao Language and standard Thai whereas Thai Lao villagers cannot speak Khmer. For instance, a wedding between Thai Lao and Khmer will be held as per Khmer tradition. The villagers are Buddhists and some Thai Khmer believe in superstition. The husband is responsible for earning the family income and is the main decision-maker in the family. There is a school in the village, teaching standard Thai from grade 1 to grade 4, however in the villagers’ opinion, they do not need the school because the people who have studied cannot get any jobs. Thai Lao villagers have higher education level than the Thai Khmer villagers. In matters of health, they believe that bad spirits cause illness. In the meantime they use medicine for the treatment. The villagers are mainly agriculturists and land is a main factor of production. The land owners prefer to prepare the land to be inherited by their children and to expand production. After the rice farming season, people in the community make traditional handicrafts such as silk weaving, wickerwork, making carts and cotton weaving so that they can supplement their income from these handicrafts. The Thai Lao and Thai Khmer have similar occupation, but the Thai Lao mostly have higher economic status than the Thai Khmer because of: 1.better level of education, interaction with outside society and general enthusiasm and ambition 2.The Thai Lao labourers tend to be of higher educational level than the Thai Khmer. 3.The Thai Lao villagers tend to pay more cost of production in terms of tools and other production factors than the Thai Khmer. 4.The Thai Lao gains more rice production per rai than the Thai Kmer because of their greater efficiency and effective practices. The Thai Lao have migrated, but mingled with the Thai Khmer. There is economic competition and cultural changes which are as follows: 1.The Thai Khmer sells their land to the Thai Lao so they have the lesser land of their own. 2.The Thai Khmer are enthusiastic and diligent, so as to have better standard of living than the Thai Lao.

Text Analyst Chantiwa Kawongai Date of Report Oct 26, 2012
TAG Khmer, Economy of Community, Ubonratchathani, Translator -


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