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    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 

    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Food security, Sea Gypsies, Urak Lawoi, Mogan, Phuket, South, Thailand, Southeast Asia
Author Suphawan Chanterb
Title Food Security and Community Rights: A Case Study of Access to Food Sources of Chao Lay Community at Rawai Beach, Phuket Province
Document Type Thesis Original Language of Text -
Ethnic Identity Urak Lawoi, Moken, Language and Linguistic Affiliations -
Location of
Thammasat University Library Total Pages 172 Year 2013
Source M.A. Thesis (Rural Studies and Development), Thammasart University

This qualitative research investigated food security and access to food and natural resources according to conventional community rights of the Urak Lawoi and the Mogan in the Rawai Beach areas in Phuketprovince, as well as developments that had changed their rights to access to food and natural resources.The research also recommended a guideline to maintain food security to community rights.
Traditional community rights are a management system to access food and natural resources of the Sea Gypsies since 1945, who permanently settled in the area. The resources included five ecological levels, which were on islands, in the seas, along the coasts and coral reefs, on the plains, and in the forest. The focus was on gathering food from nature.
Urban development of the province has had a great impact on land use and land ownership of the Sea Gypsies by designating the areas into conservation and restricted zones, benefit facilitation to the private sector, and zones for collective community use. These affected their traditional lifestyle of the Sea Gypsies, who were obliged to become naturalized under the Thai laws, depriving them of using their food skills and potential that had been passed on from generation to generation due to being unable to access to food sources. They had to change their food consumption value by depending on the market. They were under pressure to become accepting. Children and adults encountered nutritional problems and they turned to begging, which brought about a negative image to them. It was thus recommended that community rights should be revitalized in order to solve these problems. The state should support policies related to their quality of life, especially traditional fisheries. Collaboration from various sectors should be integrated to solve a plethora of problems as a result of a change in access to food sources. The ethnic group should form into a group to demand for the solutions of their problems. Furthermore, food security potential should be established in simultaneity with the revitalization of traditional lifestyles in accordance with the constitution on community rights. 

Text Analyst Phisutthilaksana Boonto Date of Report Jul 19, 2021
TAG Food security, Sea Gypsies, Urak Lawoi, Mogan, Phuket, South, Thailand, Southeast Asia, Translator -


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