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    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 

    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
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  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Karen, Hermit Adherents, Tak province, Thailand, Myanmar
Author Phasakorn Phutaemnin
Title The Adaptive Process of the Karen Hermit Adherents along the Thai-Myanmar Border
Document Type Thesis Original Language of Text -
Ethnic Identity Phlong, Paganyaw, S'gaw, Kanyaw, Karen, Language and Linguistic Affiliations -
Location of
Academic Resource Center, Mahasarakham Universiry Call no: วจ 323.1593 ภ65ก 
[Full Text]
Total Pages 319 Year 2006
Source Ph.D. Dissertation (Thai Studies), Mahasarakham University

The Hermit Cult existing along theThai-Burmese borders is a belief of the Pow and Sgaw Karen, who called themselves “Talaku”. They were originally from Kayaing and KhuayKabong towns in Myanmar. Due to wars, they migrated to the Mae Chan River Basin in Tak province and Suriya River Basin in the Karen State, Myanmar. The cult was believed to have existed before Buddhism, with a combination of animism, Brahmanism and Buddhism according to their cosmology. This investigation utilized the qualitative research methodology in an attempt to understand the cultural space of the cult, where its territory could not be clearly defined. This investigation was conducted at its cultural center at Laytongku village in Tambon Mae Chan, Um Phang district, Tak province. A major change took place when its cultural space was split into two areas in the two countries as a result from the border treaties between Siam and Burma. Thailand had implemented successive national social and economic development plans to manage the area, bringing about changes, particularly citizenship rights. Adaptations were made for their survival in the forms of resistance, negotiation, acceptance, assimilation, and compromise. Culturally, the adaptation was on the acceptance of formal education, the spread of Christianity and Buddhism, healthcare, dress, and food consumption. Socially, the adaptation was on the acceptance of the nation-state ideology, mainstream development, and modern technology. Economically, the adaptationwas on using cross-border resources with the Burmese and acceptance of the marketing system.

Text Analyst Phisutthilaksana Boonto Date of Report Jul 19, 2021
TAG Karen, Hermit Adherents, Tak province, Thailand, Myanmar, Translator -


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