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  •   Background and Rationale

    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 

    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Sea Mobility, Mogan, Phang Nga, South Region, Southeast Asia
Author Saovapa Atsilarat
Title Sea Mobility, Territorial Changes and Adaptation: Resource Use and Consumption Patterns in the Southern Islands of Thailand
Document Type Thesis Original Language of Text -
Ethnic Identity Moken, Language and Linguistic Affiliations -
Location of
Environment and Resource Studies Library Mahidol University, Call no. TH S239se 2007
Thai Digital Collection (TDC) 
[Full Text]
Total Pages 158 Year 2007
Source A Thesis of the Degree of Master of Science (Natural Resource Management), Mahidol University

The traditional lifestyle of the Mogan in the Surin Archipelago, Phang Nga province, especially their sea nomadic culture, had change radically since the establishment of the Surin Marine National Park in 1981. The establishment did not take the benefits or losses of local people into consideration, although shared natural resource exploitation was later compromised.
This qualitative research investigated related documents, the blueprint in the marine national park management, and interviews of concerned individuals. The findings reflected that state regulations restricted land ownership rights of the Mogan. Traditionally, the ethnic settlement was related to geographical conditions, seasons, and social system. They were forced to relocate to Bon Yai Inlet, which was a state-designated area for tourism purposes. They were further restricted the rights to access to both land and marine resources. They were also restricted to use certain types of fishing tools and areas of their conventional food source due to the reason of natural resource conservation.
Conservation and tourism of the marine national park brought about the loss of power for their self-administration. Employment of the ethnic group by state and private sectors during the tourist reasons enabled them to have incomes. At the same time, their lifestyle was changed from an independent system from nature to the market-dependent system. The food was changed from natural food to the one that was likely to cause nutritional problems.These resulted in areal degradation and reduction of marine resources. 

Text Analyst Phisutthilaksana Boonto Date of Report Sep 24, 2020
TAG Sea Mobility, Mogan, Phang Nga, South Region, Southeast Asia, Translator -


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