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  •   Background and Rationale

    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 

    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Urak Lawoi, Chao Lay
Author Erik Nilsson
Title Waves of Change: Traditional religion among the Urak Lawoi, sea nomads of Ko Lanta, Thailand
Document Type Research Paper Original Language of Text -
Ethnic Identity Urak Lawoi, Language and Linguistic Affiliations -
Location of
Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre Library
[Full Text]
Total Pages 58 Year 2010
Source Institutionnen för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap

The author wanted to understand religion changes in an Urak Lawoi Community due to the influences of the tourism industry and the 2004 natural disaster, with the following questions.

  • What are the current roles of traditional religion for the Urak Lawoi?
  • What are the impacts of the tourism industry on the ethnic religion and culture?
  • How did the ethnic group view the 2004 natural disaster? Did it affect their belief?
  • What have been the trends of religious change and development in the past twenty years?      
In the next twenty years, the fishing lifestyle would not be a part of the Urak Lawoi. Young people at Sala Dan Village had assimilated with new society and the tourism industry. The To Mor Culture was fading, paving the way for the ethnic group to become Buddhists and Christians. They had become more Thai and had been accepted in the Thai society at the expense of their traditional lifestyle and solidarity. 

Text Analyst Chewasit Boonyakiet Date of Report Sep 17, 2020
TAG Urak Lawoi, Chao Lay, Translator -


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