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  •   Background and Rationale

    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 

    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Independent work, Burmese women, work at home, tailoring, Mae Sot, Myanmar
Author Siraporn Paeseng
Title Capitals and practices in support of border livelihood of home-based female tailors from Myanmar in Mae Sot district, Tak province
Document Type Thesis Original Language of Text Thai
Ethnic Identity - Language and Linguistic Affiliations -
Location of
Center for Ethnic Studies and Development, Chiang Mai University Total Pages 202 Year 2017
Source M.A. Thesis, Chiang Mai University

This research investigated the working conditions of Burmese migrants under social plurality and ethnic diversity, especially as it pertained to seamstresses working at home in the border areas. This line of work was an independent occupation yet illegal. Many criticized these illegal migrant workers stating that they stole jobs from local people. There were three findings from this investigation. Firstly, Mae Sot border town was a multi-cultural society under the management and control of local and state powers. Negotiations in this community were conducted through special mechanisms set by the border town and under special terms and conditions. Secondly, the seamstresses had social connections and managed to exploit legal loopholes and social rules in order to work illegally. They also used both knowledge and monetary capital to support their work in an attempt to negotiate with authorities to enable them to carry on with their independent work. Thirdly, these seamstresses sought resources including social networks of individuals and cultural capital based on their knowledge of the community, as well as other types of capital to support their work and to improve the quality of their lives.

Text Analyst Darin Jandee Date of Report Oct 01, 2021
TAG Independent work, Burmese women, work at home, tailoring, Mae Sot, Myanmar, Translator -


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