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  •   Background and Rationale

    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 

    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Language, cultural, linguistics, sociology, anthropology, literary criticism, Negrito, Segai, Phathalung, Satun, Yala, southern region, Thailand, Southeast Asia
Author Chaloem Maknuan
Title Negrito language: The study of cultural and language characteristics
Document Type Thesis Original Language of Text ภาษาไทย
Ethnic Identity Moniq, Koy, Kanang, Language and Linguistic Affiliations -
Location of
Office of Academic Resources and Information Technology, Ban Somdej Chaophraya Rajabhat University Total Pages 126 Year 2004
Source M.Ed. Thesis (Thai Language and Literature), Ban Somdej Chaophraya Rajabhat University.

This thesis investigated three aspects about the Negrito: language analysis by using linguistics theories and cultural analysis by using sociological and anthropological theories. The data for the two aspects were collected from the Negrito in Phathalung, Satun and Song Khla provinces by interviewing. Literary analysis employed a literary criticism concept and the data were derived from the literature,“Ngo Pa”, written by King Rama V.
The study findings revealed that there was only the spoken form of the ethnic language. There were two types of phonemes, which were 22 consonantal phonemes and 20 vowel phonemes. Most of the words were compounds and loanwords from other languages, e.g., Malay, Thai, Chinese, and English. These loanwords had been in existence for a long time.
Culturally, the Negrito earned their living by hunting and gathering. They know how to invent weapons and to use medicinal herbs to heal sicknesses and for birth control. They led a simple isolated life without appreciating the value of money. There was a cultural assimilation with Buddhist and Muslim Thais.
Literally, the language in the literature was mostly correspondent to their present-day language. However, there were some changes according to time (p.100). 

Text Analyst Nikorn Sangkhasiri Date of Report Jan 15, 2021
TAG Language, cultural, linguistics, sociology, anthropology, literary criticism, Negrito, Segai, Phathalung, Satun, Yala, southern region, Thailand, Southeast Asia, Translator -


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