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  •   Background and Rationale

    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 

    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Identity construction, education, national integration, ethnic community, Koumintang community, Ban Tham Santisuk, Yunnanese, Haw Chinese, Chiang Rai, northern region, Thailand, Southern Asia
Author -
Title Education, Identity Construction and National Integration in an Ethnic Community: A Case Study of Yunnanese Chinese in Ban Tham Santisuk Village, Mae Sai District, Chiang Rai Province.
Document Type Thesis Original Language of Text -
Ethnic Identity Yunannese, Chinese Muslim, Language and Linguistic Affiliations -
Location of
e-Theses, Chiang Mai University
[Full Text]
Total Pages 124 Year 2003
Source -

This investigation utilized a mixed-method approach which included formal and informal interviews, in-depth interviews, participatory and non-participatory observations, a questionnaire, and documentary research.
The study results revealed that state policies toward theKoumintangYunnanese Chinese were developed in simultaneity with Koumintangmilitary activities in Thailand as members of a social task force in charge of protecting the sovereignty and stability of the country as well as fighting Communism in the country. One result of their actions was that the military and Yunnanese were given a special privilege of self-rule and to maintain their ethnic conventional traditions and culture for decades until the early 1980s, when the military’s roles and importance in protecting the country’s sovereignty were diminished. The government then started to implement the integration policy with the Yunnanese.
One result of the policy since mid-1980s, especially the compulsory education in Thai schools, was that the Yunnanese community had changed their external image by being more familiar with Thai culture and able to communicate in Thai. Nevertheless, they still regarded themselves as Yunnanese. However, the levels of their understanding about being Yunnanese differed considerably from generation to generation.
Under the assimilation context, what made them to maintain their cultural identity was strong maintenance of their culture in their community, especially the Chinese school that emphasized and valued cultural preservation and transfer as well as promotion of their children to study in the school. Besides economic advantages, the Chinese school played a crucial role in transferring and promoting the ethnic cultural prestige, which was important guidelines and strategies in existing in the Thai society as a minority group in the country.
From adhering to the value and faith in the Chinese school regardless of being cultural or economic reasons, the Yunnanese community was able to maintain their cultural group, and, at the same time, to learn and adapt to the trend of being Thai.

Text Analyst Aurintha Chalermchuang Date of Report Jan 15, 2021
TAG Identity construction, education, national integration, ethnic community, Koumintang community, Ban Tham Santisuk, Yunnanese, Haw Chinese, Chiang Rai, northern region, Thailand, Southern Asia, Translator -


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