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  •   Background and Rationale

    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 

    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Modernization process, Hmong ethnicity, Hmong Christians, Hmong
Author Ratana Daidee
Title Modernization process of Hmong churches in Chiang Mai
Document Type Thesis Original Language of Text -
Ethnic Identity Hmong, Language and Linguistic Affiliations -
Location of
Social Sciences Library and Chiang Mai University Library
Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre Library
Total Pages 166 Year 2017
Source M.A. Thesis in Ethnic Relations and Development, Chiang Mai University

This investigation focused on social meanings in being converted to Christianity of the Hmong as well as the roles ofChristianization on their new identity in the urban society in Chiang Mai. The investigation applied the concepts of identity, modernization and social network as the study framework. The study was conducted at the Blue Church under the Christian and Missions Alliance to explain such a social phenomenon. This work indicated that the change from animism to Christianity of the Hmong was due to various factors. They included an escape from complicated and costly social structures and rituals, patriarchal society, and beliefs that were not in line with and accepted by modern society.
            As a consequence, Christianity was a choice that the Hmong used to raise their status to look modernized. That is, they were open for Western belief and lifestyle through the space of the Blue Church or Hmong Christian Church. The church thus played a significant role in transferring knowledge and organizing weekly activities and annual festivals in order to cultivate their awareness on and know God as well as to create groups among church members and extend their network to proselytize Christianity in Chiang Mai. However, converting to Christianity did not diminish their ethnicity, but enabled them to maintain their identity by using their ethnic language more at the church. Their traditional dress did not contradict their religious belief, making their ethnic identity and their religious belief to become well assimilated. Furthermore, the conversion provided them an opportunity and confidence to adapt to a new society. They were also able to redefine themselves and to become fluid in their socialization in the urban environment. 

Text Analyst Assaree Mahama Date of Report Sep 17, 2020
TAG Modernization process, Hmong ethnicity, Hmong Christians, Hmong, Translator -


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