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    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 

    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
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  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Memory contestation, Hmong, Doi Yao-Doi Phamon
Author Urai Yangcheepsutjarit
Title Contesting social memories in a Hmong community at Doi Yao-Doi Phamon
Document Type Thesis Original Language of Text -
Ethnic Identity Hmong, Language and Linguistic Affiliations -
Location of
Social Sciences Library, Chiang Mai University Library
Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre Library
Total Pages 188 Year 2015
Source M.A. Thesis in Ethnic Relations and Development, Chiang Mai University

In the investigation of the contestation and redefinition phenomena through the memories of the Hmong, it was revealed that, after three decades of ideological conflicts and arms combat in the area of Doi Yao-Doi Phamon, there was a contestation of social memories among the ethnic group or between the ethnic group and outsiders and state officials attempting to redefine for the area.
The contestation and redefinition were a new war in an attempt to redefine the area according to one’s knowledge and understanding. Therefore, their struggle utilized new negotiation tools which were memories, experiences and knowledge. This work revealed that, although state officials participated in this contestation and redefined the Thai State as “a martyr” and peace creator to the area after defeating the Communist Party, the Hmong was labelled as a risky and dangerous group, e.g., calling the ethnic group “Red Hmong”, which degraded, discriminatedagainst and reduced the importance of the ethnic group in the area. Meanwhile, the Hmong, who fought alongside with the Thai army against the Communist, sought a common ground among themselves by collecting their comrades and those helping the Thai army in order to create a memory about the area and labelled themselves as “former residents”. Additionally, their local historical memories with their own leaders before this ideological conflict were exploited as another common ground. Aside from that, there were younger generations attempting to present their ethnicity in accordance with modern social contexts.
The Doi Yao-Doi Phamon contestation operations were expressed in the forms of activities, monuments, and historical buildings in order to commemorate past events and to pay respect to the ethnic and state actions. Nevertheless, the Hmong had reproduced their ethnic identity in the area as the former residents in order to negotiate for their dignity, rights, and access to local resources. Although this contestation was suspected, derided and looked down upon by the state and outsiders, their negotiation was further made through other channels, such as, tourism, performance, music, ethnic goods and clothes, or academic works. These entities had become a public space for the ethnic group to present their identity and history for tourists and outsiders to realize.

Text Analyst Assaree Mahama Date of Report Jan 15, 2021
TAG Memory contestation, Hmong, Doi Yao-Doi Phamon, Translator -


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