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  •   Background and Rationale

    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 


    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Khamu, livelihood, social difference, Thai-Lao border, economic development
Author Sasipha Khamkam
Title Lifestyles and social differences of the Khmu in the economic development along the Thai-Lao border
Document Type Thesis Original Language of Text -
Ethnic Identity Khmu,Kammu, Tmooy, Language and Linguistic Affiliations -
Location of
Center for Ethnic Studies and Development, Faculty of Social Science, Chiang Mai University Total Pages 170 Year 2015
Source Department of Ethnic Relations and Development, Faculty of Social Science, Chiang Mai University

This investigation indicated a changed relationship due to development, border capitalism, and access to resources for socio-economic and cultural life of the Khmu at Hua Khong village in Chiang Khong district, Chiang Rai province. The investigation revealed that the growth of this border district was due to it being a sale center of forest products in the Mekong River. The economic growth turned the district into a tourist attraction and attracted various ethnic groups to settle there. The Khmu were the last to migrate, experiencing an inferior social status and being restricted to access to farmland, which was essential to the uplifting of their social status. With less negotiation power than other ethnic groups, there was less of a social platform for them to stand on. However, later economic and technological progress enabled a group of Khmu to become wealthy with access to farmland. Holding Thai citizenship, education and local politics brought about differences of social status among the ethnic group. The differences were related to religious conversion in order to become accepted, to gain access to resources and educational opportunities, and to raise their household status.

Text Analyst Songkran Chantakhat Date of Report Jun 08, 2019
TAG Khamu, livelihood, social difference, Thai-Lao border, economic development, Translator -


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