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    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 


    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
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  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Lahu, rights, forest, Chiang Rai, northern region, Thailand
Author Sombat Bunkhamyueng
Title Problems in defining forest and claims over land rights: A case study of the Lahu
Document Type Thesis Original Language of Text -
Ethnic Identity Lahu, Language and Linguistic Affiliations -
Location of
Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
ChiangMai University Library
[Full text]
Total Pages 223 Year 1997
Source Chiang Mai University

Truth and definition on land is a strategy of power and power relationships that can well conceal an actual land power operation. In today’s society, an expression of land power and control of resources by means of force and violence cannot be legitimized and be accepted by the doees and the global community. Therefore, actual operations of each power group focus on strategies to conceal their real needs, as shown in the truth and areal definitioin that the state gave to those fighting the Communist Party of Thailand. In the power dimension and context of power relationship, legitimization indicates ownership rights and land ownership as an individual and family asset. State agencies and NGOs working for hilltribe development projects create the truth and areal definition as a forest conservation zone. However, the implication is the legitimization of their actual power operations to designate forest conservation zones, reforestation and land control for production. For the Lahu, such truth and definition reflect their struggle to create confidence and life security. The struggle is not baseless, but the truth and definition are elements in the power contestation in producing or creating the truth and definition of the area. Whether the truth and definition are true or not depends on actual power and operations in reproducing, directing, controlling and distributing the definitions of truth. For the Lahu, the contestation is not only to create areal truths according to physical geography to express land power and resource management control; it also implies the symbol system to express their rights and dignity as human beings and citizens of the state. It also creates mental, life and socio-economic stability as well as confidence in life in this world and the future world. The contestation is also a struggle arena to create its ethnic identity. Under the contexts of state power structure and market system, the ethnic group has been deprived of production factors and socio-economic independence as well as being ethnically assimilated. However, with techniques to create the ethnic identity under such conditions and contexts, the implementation of forest conservation activities has become a platform for the ethnic group to define itself as “the forest conservation Lahu Thais” in an attempt to create the security and confidence of their position in the new socio-economic and cultural systems.

Text Analyst Ekarin Phungpracha Date of Report Jun 07, 2019
TAG Lahu, rights, forest, Chiang Rai, northern region, Thailand, Translator -


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