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    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 


    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Mon, Chinese, Song, tradition, ritual, canal people, Samut Sakhon, central region, Thailand
Author Umaporn Wongwisitsak
Title The traditions and rituals of the “canal people” in Samut Songkhram Province in the Central Region of Thailand
Document Type Thesis Original Language of Text -
Ethnic Identity Lao Song, Thai Song, Black Tai, Mon, Tung Nueng, Chaozhou ren, Language and Linguistic Affiliations -
Location of
Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
[Full text]
Total Pages 230 Year 2004
Source Nakhon Pathom Rajabhat University

The traditions and rituals of canal people in Ban Phaew district were divided into two main types: general traditons and rituals and those of the ethnic groups. The former included the annual tradition to pay homage to Luang Phor To at Lak Si Ratsamosorn Temple, the orchard merit-making ritual, the collective labor in grape orchards, Khao Lam merit-making ritual, and boat racing. They were based on Buddhism, animism and the canal environment. The latter were categorized as those of the Chinese, the Song and the Mon. This investigation focused on household traditions and rituals, which included weddings, funerals and ethnically unique festivals. Those of the Chinese included New Year, birth and coming-of-age. Those of the Song included traditional dress, Khon Fon Khaen, Saen Ruan and Pat Tong. Those of the Mon included traditional dress, Song Kran, spirit dance and ordination. These traditions and rituals were derived from their faith in Buddhism and animism with the purpose of teaching social members to respect and be grateful to their ancestors, leading to attempts to maintain these traditions and rituals.

Text Analyst Ekarin Phungpracha Date of Report Jun 07, 2019
TAG Mon, Chinese, Song, tradition, ritual, canal people, Samut Sakhon, central region, Thailand, Translator -


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