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  •   Background and Rationale

    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 


    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Funeral, society, Hmong, Xiangkhwang, Luang Phrabang, Vientiane, Laos
Author Suphot Thongnuakhao
Title The after-death rituals of the Hmong in Lao P.D.R: Patterns and changes from 1975 to 2012
Document Type Thesis Original Language of Text -
Ethnic Identity Hmong, Language and Linguistic Affiliations -
Location of
Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre Total Pages 300 Year 2015
Source Khon Kaen University

This investigation involved six villages in Xiang Khwang district, three villages in Luang Prabang district and five villages in Vientiane district. The investigation was divided into three periods: political transition period in 1975, new “imagination” period and the present period to 2012. It was revealed that, before the political change, the history of funerals of the Hmong was not clear, appearing only in tales and legends. The history started in early 1800s when the ethnic group migrated to Laos. Their migration coincided with the opium trade, enabling the ethnic group to lavish their funerals. Wealthy families had herds of cattle slaughtered to feed visitors. From 1954 to 1975, the ethnic group was involved in wars, so funerals became simple, with burial and lighting bamboo sticks to pay respect to the dead. During the New Imagination Period, the government allowed the ethnic group to conduct funerals more freely, with carbonated drinks as sacrificial items. During the present period to 2012, the country’s economy was in a better condition and sacrificial items were produced from modern factories. The funerals had changed a lot, with adaptation of sacrificial items and funeral steps to suit current circumstances.

Text Analyst Phumchai Khachamit Date of Report Jun 07, 2019
TAG Funeral, society, Hmong, Xiangkhwang, Luang Phrabang, Vientiane, Laos, Translator -


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