Forget password?

Advance Search
  •   Background and Rationale

    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 


    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Music, funeral, society, culture, Hmong, Chiang Mai
Author Narongchai Pitakarat, Ruchu Singkhasalert & Rasamee Ua-areephaisan
Title The Kheng instrument and music in the Tjor Phli ritual of the Hmong
Document Type Research Paper Original Language of Text -
Ethnic Identity Hmong, Language and Linguistic Affiliations Hmong-Mien
Location of
Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre Total Pages 69 Year 2015
Source Khon Khaen University

This work examined Kheng and music in the Tjor Phli ritual of the Hmong at Mae Tala village in Tambon Yang Maen, Samoeng district, Chiang Mai province. It was revealed that the ritual could be organized whenever the host was ready. It is the invitation and sending away the souls of the dead to the spiritual realm. The ritual requires only two types of musical instruments: Kheng to communicate with the souls and a drum or Tjor to invite the souls. According to their ethnic belief system, Kheng is an instrument to lead the souls and Tjor is the instrument to invite the souls. Kheng is a woodwind instrument. Legend has it that the Hmong did not want to be immortal. They saw two dead tigers and wanted to die like the tigers. The Supreme Spirit told the ethnic group to construct a Kheng to lead the souls of the tigers. The music in the ritual is related to souls or spirits, thus it could not be performed in other auspicious rituals. 

Text Analyst Phumchai Khachamit Date of Report Jun 07, 2019
TAG Music, funeral, society, culture, Hmong, Chiang Mai, Translator -


  Thai Museums Database
The Inscriptions in Thailand Database
Thailand Anthropological Archive Database
Thailand archaeology Database
Siam Rare Books
Ethnographic Film Database
ICH Learning Resources
Anthropological News Clipping
Main menu
Ethnic Group Research
Ethnic Organizations
About us
Main menu
  Background and Rationale
Project Members
Contact us

ศูนย์มานุษยวิทยาสิรินธร (องค์การมหาชน) เลขที่ 20 ถนนบรมราชชนนี เขตตลิ่งชัน กรุงเทพฯ 10170 
Tel. +66 2 8809429 | Fax. +66 2 8809332 | E-mail. 
สงวนลิขสิทธิ์ พ.ศ. 2549    |   เงื่อนไขและข้อตกลง