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  •   Background and Rationale

    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 


    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Belief, lifestyle, monitor lizard, farming Kuay, Surin
Author Thitirat Wetsiriyanan
Title Belief in the monitor lizard spirits and the lifestyle of the Kui at Trum Village in Tambon Trum, Sri Khoraphum District, Surin Province
Document Type Thesis Original Language of Text -
Ethnic Identity Kui, Kuy, Language and Linguistic Affiliations Austroasiatic
Location of
Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre Total Pages 126 Year 2002
Source Khon Kaen University

The investigation focused on the belief in the monitor lizard spirits of the Kui ethnic group in the study area. The ethnic residents have been involved in rice cultivation, so they are not widely known as those tending and training elephants. It has also been revealed that the ethnic group believed that monitor lizards were their ancestral spirits. When they settled in the village, monitor lizards were abundant. Originally, they believed that wild boars were their ancestral spirits. When wild boars became scarce, they turned to monitor lizards as their ancestral spirits. The investigation revealed that the belief in monitor lizards was only a part of their lifestyle, for instance, designs of the ethnic textile weaving or community forest conservation. The belief is beyond other beliefs of the ethnic group and it is a strong collective belief in conjunction with the threat of supernatural power. For instance, if the villagers were not united, the spirits might be displeased and cast a spell of drought on the village. Consequently, the belief could facilitate peaceful and orderly co-habitation of the villagers, e.g., agreements on the exploitation of community forest or natural resource conservation. The belief played a part in the language and cultural conservation of the ethnic group amidst modern trends of the present society. 

Text Analyst Phumchai Khachamit Date of Report Jun 07, 2019
TAG Belief, lifestyle, monitor lizard, farming Kuay, Surin, Translator -


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