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  •   Background and Rationale

    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 


    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Economy, identity, opium, Hmong, Chiang Mai
Author Prasit Leepreecha
Title Cross-border trade and the Hmong identy
Document Type Research Paper Original Language of Text -
Ethnic Identity Hmong, Language and Linguistic Affiliations Hmong-Mien
Location of
Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre Total Pages 97 Year 2015
Source Khon Kaen University

This work examined the creation of the Hmong identity at Doi Pui from the general perspective of traders of opium in the tourism perspective. The work gave a general overview of the opium trade history in China. Westerners used opium to intoxicate the Chinese in order to occupy China until the opium war during the colonization period. After having expelled Westerners, the government encouraged highland ethnic groups to cultivate opium. After conflict with the Chinese, the Hmong migrated to Thailand, Laos and Myanmar. The Hmong at Doi Pui came with opium. After opium was categorized as an illegal narcotic drug, the ethnic group turned the crisis into an opportunity by earning more income from tourism. The group has also adapted to globalization by contacting with the Hmong around the world to create its historical memories through printed materials, videos and weaving designs. The group takes pride in its ethnicity through cultural activities and “Hmong script” invented by Western missionaries and the Hmong in Luang Phrabang, Laos. The cultural activities and script have been disseminated to Hmong communities around the world including the one at Doi Pui.

Text Analyst Phumchai Khachamit Date of Report Jun 07, 2019
TAG Economy, identity, opium, Hmong, Chiang Mai, Translator -


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