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    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 


    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
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  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Karen, Khon Muang, border, Moei River, Tak, Burma, Thailand
Author Khwancheewan Buadaeng
Title The Moei River border area and the relationship between the Karen and Khon Muang
Document Type Research Paper Original Language of Text -
Ethnic Identity Paganyaw, S'gaw, Kanyaw, Karen, Language and Linguistic Affiliations -
Location of
Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre Total Pages 183 Year 2015
Source Khon Kaen University

This work is about the relationships between the Karen and Khon Muang (local Thais) on the Moei River bank in Tha Song Yang district, Tak province and those on the other bank in the Karen State of Myanmar. The study divided the relationships into three periods. The first period was before the formation of modern states until 1967, when Britain, Thailand and Myanmar did not come to manage the Karen area and local people were free to claim land ownership. The second period was the formation of a buffer state from 1967 to 1987, when the Karen State and Thailand controlled the area with the trade of timber and consumer goods between Thai and Karen residents. This period was a modern development, the formation of the Karen Liberation Army on the Burmese side, and awareness of being Thai through the Thai formal education system. The third period was the collapse of the buffer state, forcing the Karen soldiers to take refuge on the Thai side. On the Burmese side, soldiers of different armies took control of the area. On the Thai side, strict enforcement on cross-border migrants and consumer goods was conducted, bringing about a discourse on transnational labor and refugees that became detrimental to national security.

Text Analyst Phumchai Khachamit Date of Report Jun 06, 2019
TAG Karen, Khon Muang, border, Moei River, Tak, Burma, Thailand, Translator -


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