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    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 

    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Lao Khrang, Manufacturing Systems, Cash Crops Adjustment, Suphan Buri
Author Voranai Pongsachalakorn
Title Cash Crops and Culture Change in a Lao Krung Community: A Case Study of Ban Kok, Amphoe Utong, Suphan Buri
Document Type Thesis Original Language of Text Thai
Ethnic Identity Lao Khrang, Language and Linguistic Affiliations Tai
Location of
Sirindhorn Anthropology Center Library Total Pages 346 Year 1995
Source Master of Sociology, Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Graduate School, Chulalongkorn University

When traditional production was changed from subsistence agriculture to cash crop production. Crop production as a factor in production has been changed. These changes are not only in the economic system, but also in culture. The changes in production lead to the changes in the crops; farmers grew rice for subsistence agriculture, but now they grow for trade and they also grow other cash crops. Also, another factor which caused the changes in crop production in Lao Khrang community in Ban Kok was capitalism. Adoption of innovation from the West, National Economic and Social Development Planning, urbanization of nearby communities, industrialization of nearby areas, the development by the government and private sectors, the changes in environment due to irrigation, the changes in the physical environment of the earth and the changes in the surrounding water conditions of water are factors causing the changes in Lao Khrang’s crop production. Moreover, factors causing the cultural changes in Lao Khrang community are assimilation, acculturation, being a farmer community, the increase in population, the capitalist economy, the acculturation of rural development, beginning to use the National Economic and Social Development Planning, modernization, education, mass media and factors of the environment and finally natural resources. The most important cultural change is modernization and development which is providing public utilities as the basic structure of the development. This is the construction of Malai Mand Road ( Suphan Buri – Utong and Utong – Nakorn Pathom). Furthermore, there is urbanization which is caused by the expansion of Ban Tha Pra to become Utong Market and the changes in irrigation. These have affected the culture of the Lao Khrang community in Ban Kok and these are the main factors causing the changes in crop production in Ban Kok.

Text Analyst Chongpien Polyiem Date of Report Jul 10, 2006
TAG Lao Khrang, Manufacturing Systems, Cash Crops Adjustment, Suphan Buri, Translator -


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