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  •   Background and Rationale

    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 

    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Akeu, Akha, ethnic identity creation, Keng Tung,Thailand, Huay Nam Khun
Author Kaisa Niemi
Title Changing Minds, Changing Hats Construction and Expression of Akeu Ethnic Identity in Thailand and Myanmar
Document Type Thesis Original Language of Text -
Ethnic Identity Akeu, Language and Linguistic Affiliations Sino-Tibetan
Location of
Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre Library Total Pages 93 Year 2014
Source University of Oulu, Master’s Thesis

The Akeu are a sub-ethnic group of Akha which are not widely known in society. Therefore, creating their identity and self image is crucial. Their identity is derived from bloodline relationship, lifestyle and culture,e.g., dress, language, customs, traditions, rituals, and the environment. In Myanmar, their identity cards identify them as Akha because state agencies do not recognize the Akeu. Moreover, they are regarded as Akha, which is a larger ethnic group, and are called Akeu-Akha. Many Akeu want to identify themselves as different from Akha. However, some accept that they have a close relationship with the Akha. Instances from fieldwork reveal that Akeu are worried about the view of outsiders that regard them as Akha. They had held meetings and formed into groups to discuss the problem. The Akeu have created their identity to be seen and recognized by outsiders. It is seen that they refuse to celebrate New Year with the Akha. Socio-cultural changes are another factor contributing to an attempt to create the ethnic identity. That is, the Akeu have changed their lifestyle from slash-and-burn cultivation to cultivation for sale. Their migration to work in cities for monetary reasons has enabled them to interact more with other ethnic groups, leading to intermarriages and cultural assimilation. Furthermore, the education system and media have erased the ethnic borderline, and so, recreating their ethnic identity is seen as essential. However, they want to create a new identity to illustrate that they are educated and have a written language in order to raise their social status and image. The author summarized that the Akeu is in a transitional process to modernization by means of maintaining their indigenous identity.

Text Analyst Chonthicha Khunthong Date of Report Jun 08, 2019
TAG Akeu, Akha, ethnic identity creation, Keng Tung, Thailand, Huay Nam Khun, Translator -


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