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  •   Background and Rationale

    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 

    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Malay Muslim, social and cultural change, Yalo-Yala, Yala Province
Author Nidahitele, Suwarya Pehahile, Mariye Mama, Trainung Madeng, Suwaphat Wathanakul, Anuwat Parama, Abdurrahman Bada, and Jaras Kosumphawan
Title From Yalo to Yala: Changes in a decade
Document Type Research Paper Original Language of Text Thai
Ethnic Identity Ore Nayu, Malayu Muslim, Muslim Malayu), Language and Linguistic Affiliations Austronesian
Location of
- Total Pages - Year 2006
Source An Action Research Project for Local Studies in the Three Southern Provinces (a part of the Well Being Promotion and Fact-Finding Joint Studies in the Three Southern Provinces, the Social Agenda Working Commission, Faculty of Political Science, Chulalongkorn University)

          This action research investigated local histories and socio-cultural changes by examining local people’s lifestyles from the past to the present, including settlement and migration, livelihoods and local resources, community relationships, traditions, rituals, and adaptations of local people. The study also explored impacts on people and access to area development due to violence in the three restive southern provinces. The data were collected by interviewing local elderly and knowledgeable people. The findings were analyzed and presented chronologically. The study discovered the importance of Yalo in the past as a prehistoric community settlement due to suitable geographical conditions and fertile natural resources. The city was relocated several times in accordance with the evolution of transportation, convenient trade routes, and urbanization and urban development. Socio-cultural changes included administrative system and traditions and rituals due to technological advances and modernization. Changes in agriculture were from subsistence farming to single crop production because there was support from commercial development projects from the state. Vocational changes were from agriculture to wage earners and state employees due to investments of business operators and higher education. Furthermore, changes toward urbanization made social stratification clearer. The impact of political violence in the three restive southern provinces was on both local people and private agencies attempting to solve the problems. The main reason that local people began to believe in an increase in violence was from the wrong decision in making government officials use firearms to deal with the Sam Yaek Ban Niang incident on April 28, 2004.

Text Analyst - Date of Report Apr 19, 2021
TAG Malay Muslim, social and cultural change, Yalo-Yala, Yala Province, Translator -


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