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    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 

    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Yao, history, religion, belief, Taoism, southern China
Author Alberts, Eli
Title A History of Daoism and the Yao people of South China
Document Type Book Original Language of Text -
Ethnic Identity Mien, Iu Mien, Language and Linguistic Affiliations -
Location of
Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre Library Total Pages 183 Year 2006
Source Youngstown, New York : Cambria Press

The author was interested in how a state was construced in terms of physical boundaries and presentation in the media as illustrations and texts. This work included the definition of the central state or Zhongguo and the Nine Continents or Jiuzhou, which was antonymous word pairs between central-marginalized, internal-external, and civilized-barbaric (pp. 17-18). The contents are divided into three parts. The first part indicates that contact between the Yao and Chinese officialdom did not start in the Song Dynasty. Chapter One examines special characteristics of the words that were seals in the Song Dynasty: Yaoman, Manyao and Moyao. These words indicated the phenomenon relating to tax collection, labor conscription and population census. These words were related to noblemen and indicated the land formation trend in the late six dynasties. Chapters Two and Three examine a special work that told stories about autonomous people known as the Man in Hunan and surrounding areas. The author reflected similar works as evidence in the Song Dynasty and showed two information sources: the Yao Charters (quandie) and the Passport for Crossing the Mountain (goushanbang). These reference words used by both state officers and the Yao were derived from agreements and commitments between the Man leaders and leaders of other kingdoms during the Warring States and early imperial periods. The second part examined the emergence of Daoist movements, which included the Celestial Masters and the Yellow Turbans in the late Han Dynasty and in the same period of the widespread Man revolution. Leaders of the Celestial Masters movements were local leaders in the west land of the country, which was the center of the Man and the Banshun, an early smaller group that supported the movements. In the conclusion, the author analyzed that “the Passport” was the document exclusively handed down in Yao leader families. The Yao used this document for the recognition of heaven and the royal courts. 

Text Analyst Athita Sunthorathok Date of Report Jun 08, 2019
TAG Yao, history, religion, belief, Taoism, southern China, Translator -


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