Forget password?

Advance Search
  •   Background and Rationale

    To develop the ethnic groups database where systematized research data are available online and can be made use of by interested parties or individuals, following the subjects or topics of their interests, and thus making it easier for them to sum up the essential points necessary for further in-depth studies. 


    S'gaw youth at Mowakee Chaingmai

    Less savings. Much to share.

    S'gaw's proverb
    Mowakee Chaingmai

    Salak Yom Festival
    Pratupha Temple

    Sea as Home of Urak Lawoi, Moken, Moklen

    Rawai beach Phuket Thailand


    Computer class of S'gaw students
    Mae La Noi , Maehongson

    Khaw Rai (Rice)
    produced from rotational farming
    Li Wo, Kanchanaburi


    S'gaw woman at Hin Lad Nai village

    Fermented Beans

    Important ingredient of Tai


    Phlong(Pwo) woman

    Li Wo village

    Boon Khaw Mai rite

    Phlong at Li Wo


    Little Prince of Tai

    Ordination in Summer of Tai boys


    Boys are ordained as novice monks

     Poi Sang Long is the tradition of the Tai. 

    Be novice monk to learn Buddhism


    Tai-art  mural painting of  Buddha 
    at Wat Chong Kam Chong Klang
    Maehongson Thailand

    Wat Chong-Kam, Chong Klang

    Hmong childs at Ban Kewkarn
  •   Smile

    Smile in problems
    Urak  Lawai at Rawai Phuket
  •   Hybrid




  Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre
Ethnic Groups Research Database
Sorted by date | title


Subject Karen, northern region, impact, adaptation
Author Chumpol Maniratanavongsiri
Title People and protected areas : Impact and resistance among the Pgak’nyau (Karen) in Thailand
Document Type Thesis Original Language of Text -
Ethnic Identity Phlong, Paganyaw, S'gaw, Kanyaw, Karen, Language and Linguistic Affiliations -
Location of
Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Anthropology Centre Library Total Pages 283 Year 1999
Source Chumpol Maniratanavongsiri. (2542). People and protected areas : Impact and resistance among the Pgak’nyau (Karen) in Thailand. วิทยานิพนธ์ศึกษาศาสตร์ดุษฎีบัณฑิต, มหาวิทยาลัยโตรอนโต.

This dissertation examined the Karen residing in areas declared to be forest reserves or national parks. This led to changes in the villages, particularly farming. The villagers were obliged to change their slash-and-burn farming practice to cultivation of cash crops. Farmland use was adjusted for more exploitation and they had to change their way of life in order to be able to live in their villages. It was revealed that the villagers had to adapt their lifestyle in order to reside in the national parks. There was a clear difference between villagers in the forest reserves that strictly enforced regulations and those in the reserves that did not strictly enforce regulations. Access to state development programs made the life quality of the two village types different. The adaptation was conducted at the household, village and network levels in order for them to live in the same areas happily. They were formed into a network and coordinated with external agencies more frequently in order to increase their negotiation power. The network acted as a platform to share opinions of villagers and an agency to present and promote their ethnic image, so that the government and Thai people could view the ethnic group in a more positive way.

Text Analyst Kornkanok Saringkhareeset Date of Report Jun 08, 2019
TAG Karen, northern region, impact, adaptation, Translator -


  Thai Museums Database
The Inscriptions in Thailand Database
Thailand Anthropological Archive Database
Thailand archaeology Database
Siam Rare Books
Ethnographic Film Database
ICH Learning Resources
Anthropological News Clipping
Main menu
Ethnic Group Research
Ethnic Organizations
About us
Main menu
  Background and Rationale
Project Members
Contact us

ศูนย์มานุษยวิทยาสิรินธร (องค์การมหาชน) เลขที่ 20 ถนนบรมราชชนนี เขตตลิ่งชัน กรุงเทพฯ 10170 
Tel. +66 2 8809429 | Fax. +66 2 8809332 | E-mail. 
สงวนลิขสิทธิ์ พ.ศ. 2549    |   เงื่อนไขและข้อตกลง